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Topics: Sugarcane, Agriculture, Irrigation Pages: 6 (1678 words) Published: March 23, 2015
Participation of Farm Men and Women in Sugarcane cultivation K.Nishitha, M.T.Lakshminarayan, B.Krishnamurthy, B.N.Manjunatha and D.M.Gowda Department of Agricultural Extension, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore - 5600065

Introduction
Agriculture in India is by and large an enterprise, which engages men and women in different activities with varying degree of their participation. Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an annual crop engaging around 50 million farmers of which approximately half of them are women (Zaidi and Munir, 2014). Even though women form the backbone of sugarcane cultivation, they still tend to exist as “the hidden farmers” with almost negligible access to land, resources, technologies, financial services, markets and even education. Despite their exclusive inputs in sugarcane farming viz., planting setts, manure application, hand weeding and detopping and cleaning the cane, the output of the land controlled by women is drastically lesser than the male counter parts. In this backdrop, the present study is an attempt to analyze the extent of participation of farm men and women in sugarcane cultivation activities. Materials and Methods

The present study was carried out in Mandya district of Karnataka state during 2014-15. Among the seven taluks of Mandya district, Mandya (7,655 ha) and Maddur (5,135 ha) were purposively selected for the study on the basis of highest area under sugarcane cultivation during 2013-14. In each of the selected two taluks, five villages were randomly selected for the study. From each village, six farm households cultivating sugarcane were randomly selected. Small and marginal farm households were interviewed for the study since farm women from marginal and small land holdings have a longer work day as they put in more work on time and participate in the farm activities (Zaidi and Munir, 2014). Relevant data was collected from the head of the family and his spouse. Thus the final sample constitutes 120 respondents (60 farm men and 60 farm women) from ten villages of Mandya district. Ex-post facto research design was employed in the present study. The collected data was analyzed using frequency, percentage and mean. Participation in the present study is operationally defined as the “extent of involvement of farm men and women in performing various sugarcane cultivation activities”. To know the extent of participation of farm men and women a list of 25 recommended sugarcane cultivation practices were selected for the study based on extensive review of literature and in consultation with the sugarcane scientists. The procedure followed by Vidhyanand (2004) with slight modification was used to measure the extent of participation. The activities performed by the farm men was assigned score of 2,1 and 0 for ‘farm men’, ‘jointly with farm women’ and ‘farm women’, respectively. While the activities performed by the farm women was assigned score of 2,1 and 0 for ‘farm women’, ‘jointly with farm men’ and ‘farm men’, respectively. The minimum and maximum score a respondent could get was 0 and 50, respectively. Based on the cumulated score the farm men and women were categorized into three groups namely, low, medium and high levels of participation considering mean and half standard deviation as a measure of check. Participation Category

Score

Farm men
Farm women
Low { Less than (Mean - ½ SD)}
< 31.24
< 25.34
Medium {Between (Mean ± ½ SD)}
31.24 - 36.92
25.34 - 30.34
High {More than (Mean +½ SD)}
> 36.92
> 30.34
Mean
34.08
27.84
Standard deviation
5.68
5.00

Results and Discussion
1. Extent of participation of farm men and women in sugarcane cultivation activities

The results in Table 1 reveals that the sugarcane cultivation activities viz., ploughing, forming ridges and furrows, cleaning irrigation channels, spraying plant protection chemicals, transporting harvested cane from field to vehicle and shoulder breaking operations in ratoon crop were performed...

References: RAJULA SHANTHY, T., 2010, Gender perspective for sustainable sugarcane based farming system. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 10 (1): 112-116.
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