Midterm Study Guide

Topics: Spanish colonization of the Americas, Inca Empire, Hernán Cortés Pages: 5 (956 words) Published: April 8, 2014
HIST 276 History of Latin America: Colonial Period
Concordia University, Winter 2014

Mid-Term Study Sheet
(You must come up with a very short definition; two or three manuscript lines maximum)

Alcaldía mayor:
Altepetl
Audiencia
Ayllu
Brazilwood
Cabildo
Cacique
Calpolli
Capitania (Captaincy)
Corporation
Corregimiento
Donatorios (Donatories)
Encomienda
Forastero
Governación
Huaca
Inquisition
Kuraka
Ladino (indio ladino)
Limpieza de sangre
Mameluco
Mestizo
Mita
Mulato
New Laws (1542)
Oidores
Repartimiento
Requerimiento
Royal Patronage
Tahuantinsuyo
Vice-roy

Peoples
(Historical significance, where, when)

Atahualpa
Charles I (Charles V)
Christopher Columbus
Doña Marina (Malinche)
Francisco Pizarro
Hernán Cortés
Huascar
Isabel
John II
Manco Inca
Moctezuma
Pedro Alvares Cabral

Indigenous ethnic groups
(Historical significance/contribution, where, when)

Arawaks
Aztecs
Cañaris
Incas
Mayas
Mexicas
Nahuas
Olmecs
Quechuas
Tlaxcalans
Tupis

Alcaldía mayor: administrative institution with powers in both indigenous and Spanish grounds.

Altepetl: in Pre-Columbian and Spanish conquest-era Aztec society, was the local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as "city-state". Audiencia: A high- court and advisory body to a regional chief executive in the Spanish colonies, also the territorial jurisdiction of such a court. Consisted of four judges, who also held executive and legislative powers (in charge of judicial matters). Ayllu: part of inca empire social organization, they were extended family groups but they could adopt non-related members, giving individual families more variation and security of the land that they farmed. Brazilwood: a red dyewood that was a major brazilian product for exports.

Cacique: Native chieftains in mexico (same as kuraka).

Cabildo: town councils (cabildos), composed of the most prominent citizens, mostly encomenderos. Forastero: An outsider; a person residing in a region other than where born. Huaca: part of inca empire social organization; common divinity. Inquisition: under Isabella and Ferdinand, mission to convert to Catholicism. Kuraka: part of inca empire social organization; chief of Ayllu. Tahuantinsuyo : Inca Empire was called Tahuantinsuyo by the Incas, it was the largest empire in Latin America. Mestizo: offspring of Spanish and Indian parents.

Mita: The colonial forced labor draft that provided Indian workers on a rotational basis. Most common in mining in Peru. Adapted from an Inka precedent. Mulato: Offspring of black and white or, in some regions, black and Indian parents. Oidores: member judge of the Royal Audiencias.

Vice-Roy: regal official who runs a country, colony, or city province. People :
Hernan Cortes: Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Cabral : accidently made contact with Brazil when trying to reach India in 1500. Huascar : was Sapa Inca of the Inca empire from 1527 to 1532 AD. Atahualpa: last Sapa Inca of the Tawantinsuyu before the Spanish conquest. Charles I: ruler of Roman Empire (1519) and Spanish Empire (1516). Christopher Columbus: Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer; initiated Spanish colonization of new world in 1492. Dona Marina: a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of Mexico, acting as an interpreter, advisor, lover, and intermediary for Hernán Cortés. Francisco Pizarro: Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire. Isabel: queen of Castile and León, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt. John II: King of France from 1350.

Manco Inca: in 1534 Manco was crowned the ruler of the Inca in Cuzco by Francisco Pizarro, and allowed to rule his people. He did not realize that he too was being used by...
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