Midterm Study Guide

Satisfactory Essays
HIST 276 History of Latin America: Colonial Period
Concordia University, Winter 2014

Mid-Term Study Sheet
(You must come up with a very short definition; two or three manuscript lines maximum)

Alcaldía mayor:
Altepetl
Audiencia
Ayllu
Brazilwood
Cabildo
Cacique
Calpolli
Capitania (Captaincy)
Corporation
Corregimiento
Donatorios (Donatories)
Encomienda
Forastero
Governación
Huaca
Inquisition
Kuraka
Ladino (indio ladino)
Limpieza de sangre
Mameluco
Mestizo
Mita
Mulato
New Laws (1542)
Oidores
Repartimiento
Requerimiento
Royal Patronage
Tahuantinsuyo
Vice-roy

Peoples
(Historical significance, where, when)

Atahualpa
Charles I (Charles V)
Christopher Columbus
Doña Marina (Malinche)
Francisco Pizarro
Hernán Cortés
Huascar
Isabel
John II
Manco Inca
Moctezuma
Pedro Alvares Cabral

Indigenous ethnic groups
(Historical significance/contribution, where, when)

Arawaks
Aztecs
Cañaris
Incas
Mayas
Mexicas
Nahuas
Olmecs
Quechuas
Tlaxcalans
Tupis

Alcaldía mayor: administrative institution with powers in both indigenous and Spanish grounds.

Altepetl: in Pre-Columbian and Spanish conquest-era Aztec society, was the local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as "city-state".
Audiencia: A high- court and advisory body to a regional chief executive in the Spanish colonies, also the territorial jurisdiction of such a court. Consisted of four judges, who also held executive and legislative powers (in charge of judicial matters).
Ayllu: part of inca empire social organization, they were extended family groups but they could adopt non-related members, giving individual families more variation and security of the land that they farmed.
Brazilwood: a red dyewood that was a major brazilian product for exports.

Cacique: Native chieftains in mexico (same as kuraka).

Cabildo: town councils (cabildos), composed of the most prominent citizens,

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