Got a new lesson for you about ancient Mesopotamia
The Euphrates River and Tigris River form the base of civilization Mesopotanians lived long ago
Dedicated god’s and had control
By the EU-Phrates River (x4)
They believed in many gods, this is polytheism
Shamash was the god of sun; Dagon of vegetation
By the EU-Phrates River (x4)
Akkadian was what they spoke, wrote on clay tablets some call notes They had temples called ziggurat
They kept themselves united under Hammurabi’s code
You obey Hammurabi’s code
Praise Hammurabi’s code
Break Hammurabi’s code
And you’ll be saying oh no!
Libraries were found (x4)
This rap was a project for World History and we had to come up with a rap that went over the culture of Mesopotamia, it is to the tune of Crank Dat Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers’) was an ancient region in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to today’s Iraq, mostly, but also parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey. The 'two rivers' of the name referred to the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers and the land was known as 'Al-Jazirah'(the island) by the Arabs (referencing what Egyptologist J.H. Breasted would later call the Fertile Crescent, where Mesopotamian civilization began).
Unlike the more unified civilizations of Egypt or Greece, Mesopotamia was a collection of varied cultures whose only real bond was that of their script, their gods and their attitude toward women. The social customs, laws and even language of Akkad, for example, cannot be assumed to correspond to those of Babylon; it does seem, however, that the rights of women, the importance of literacy and the pantheon of the gods did, indeed, do so. As a result of this, Mesopotamia should be more properly understood as a region which produced multiple empires and civilizations rather than any single civilization. Even so, Mesopotamia is known as the “cradle of civilization” primarily because of two developments that occurred there in the 4th century BCE: the rise of the city as we recognize that entity today and the invention of writing (although writing is also known to have developed in Egypt, in the Indus Valley, in China and to have taken form independently in Mesoamerica).
Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s have revealed human settlements dating to 10,000 BCE in Mesopotamia and indicate that the fertile conditions of the land between two rivers [see Fertile Crescent] allowed an ancient hunter-gatherer people to settle in the land, domesticate animals, and turn their attention to agriculture. Trade soon followed and with prosperity came urbanization and the birth of the city. It is generally thought that writing was also invented due to trade out of the necessity for long-distance communication and for keeping more careful track of accounts.
Mesopotamia was known in antiquity as a seat of learning and it is believed that Thales of Miletus (known as the 'first philosopher') studied there. As the Babylonians believed that water was the 'first principle' from which all else flowed, and as Thales is famous for that very claim, it seems probable he studied in the region. Intellectual pursuits were highly valued across the region and the schools (devoted primarily to the priestly class) were said to be as numerous as temples and taught reading, writing, religion, law, medicine and astrology. There were over 1,000 deities in the pantheon of the gods of the Mesopotamian cultures and many stories concerning the gods (among them, the creation myth, the Enuma Elish) and it is generally accepted that Biblical tales such as the Fall of Man and the Flood of Noah (among many others) originated in Mesopotamian lore, as they first appear in Mesopotamian works such as The Myth of Adapa and the Epic of Gilgamesh, the oldest written story in the world. Women enjoyed equal rights and could...
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