Jasmine Revolution ( Tunisia Revolution):
On December 17, 2010 the protest started in the city of Sidi when a 26 year old fruit and vegetable vendor burned himself in front of municipal office. In following 3 weeks protests continued Ben Ali dismisses the minister of the interior. The move fails to quiet demonstrations. Ben Ali again came up with large concessions on state TV, but clashes grew more violent. State of emergency was declared with same ministries which outburst population even greater. Inquiry for Ben Ali finances opened and international warrant for him was issued. Mohammed Ghannouchi steps down as interim prime minister on 27th February 2011. Nahda Party (Islamic party) got legalized. 23years reign of Ben Ali came to an end. Ben Ali and his wife, Leila Trabelsi, still in exile in Saudi Arabia, are convicted in absentia of having embezzled public funds. They are sentenced to 35 years in prison. Elections are held to determine the composition of the 217-member Constituent Assembly, a new body with a mandate to appoint an interim cabinet and draft a new constitution. By mid-December 2011 Moncef Marzouki, a human rights activist and opposition leader under the Ben Ali regime, is elected president of Tunisia by the Constituent Assembly, and he appoints Hamadi Jebali, a member of the Nahḍah Party, to the post of prime minister. Egyptian Revolution:
Protests started on January 11th, 2011 at Tahrir’s Square after 3 weeks President Hosni Mubarak stepped down giving power to military’s ruling body. Mubarak’s former Prime minister Ahmad Shafiq to lead the cabinet. The constitution is suspended and the parliament disbanded. A six month plan was made. In these six months to draft a new constitution and hold new parliamentary and presidential elections and cede this power to the newly elected government. Islamist groups wanted elections first, and the liberals and secularists prefer constitution first. And Islamists won. By end of February ’11 security forces beat protesters and tear down their tents. Protestors from the Tahrir Square were arrested and tortured by militants. On Oct 9, Coptic Christians opted for protest when state television incited the violence against them. Military used lethal forces to arrest and killed 27 people were crushed in the incident. In November when the elections were held Muslim brotherhood sweeps seats in the parliament. The Islamist got almost 90% of the seats. Next year in May when presidential elections were held out of so many candidates only 13 were narrowed which dropped down to two. Among them were Ahmed Shafiq ex-prime minister and Mohammed Morsi (Islamist Group). Just a day before elections military grabbed even more power, diluting the power of president. Supreme Court decision was greatly influenced by military forces as they asked to shut down parliament. By this time it was more likely to be Morsi, who was greatly opposed by Military. Morsi sworn in as president. He was not first Islamist president but also first civilian to get the office of president. But weeks earlier military had already gained too much power. Morsi orders the retirement of the top Mubarak-era military leadership and nullifies the military’s June declaration and former head of military intelligence was made defense minister. Later Morsi claimed even more power for himself. Liberal coalitions had disagreements so they left and Islamist completed the task of drafting constitution. Human-rights groups have several concerns about the final draft, which also enshrines into law the power and privileges that the military had enjoyed under Mubarak. Egyptians organized a large protest against the presidential palace. They had slogan for Morsi, “leave, leave, leave”. in January 2013, protestants return to Tahrir Square to record their protest against Morsi as they felt. He was misusing his powers. Following a massive fuel shortage and widespread electricity blackouts, protests rage in cities across Egypt for...
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