Shortly after his beloved friend’s death, Mark Antony delivers a magnificent and powerful speech to the people of Rome, mocking and undermining the previously well regarded actions of Brutus and the conspirators.
Julius Caesar as a play focuses thematically on the idea of power and how it affects people. This speech is a result of dramatic changes within the character of Mark Antony, and an example of his revenge-fuelled, self-created power.
Antony employs a variety of effective rhetoric techniques in his quest to win over the plebeians. These include a combination of repetition, antithesis, emotive language and mockery. In fact, Antony’s speech is one of the best examples of rhetoric within Shakespearean tragedies. He remains indirect throughout the speech guides rather than forces his opinion onto the plebeians, who then accept it as their own. He relates with them and appeals to them on a stronger level than Brutus, and this is why his speech is much more effective. He achieves this indirect approach mainly by antithesis - contrasting realism with the repeated and increasingly mocking phrase of “Brutus is an honourable man”. Such an antithesis occurs from line 87-91 in Act 3, Scene 2. “I thrice presented him [Caesar] a kingly crown, Which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious, And sure he is an honourable man.”
This is an example of realism as the plebeians were present in the earlier scene of the play, when Caesar ‘thrice refused’ the ‘kingly crown’. Antony uses the rhetorical question of ‘Was this ambition?’ to suggest the idea that Caesar was not ambitious, rather than force his opinion upon them like Brutus had done prior to Antony’s speech. The effect of this is that the plebeians start to question whether Caesar was ambitious themselves, and in turn question Brutus’ actions.
The words Shakespeare has put in Antony’s mouth are not only persuasive in a logical