Managing Human Resources

Topics: Management, Human resource management, Strategic management Pages: 188 (45629 words) Published: October 21, 2013
UNIT 1 i
Human resource management in perspective

Unit 1
BMG 511

Managing Human Resources

Human Resource
Management in
Perspective

ii WAWASAN OPEN UNIVERSITY
BMG 511 Managing Human Resources

COURSE TEAM
Course Team Coordinator: En. Fakir Mohamed bin Omar Din
Content Writer: Lalith Weeratunga, Senior Consultant, Postgraduate Institute of Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Instructional Designer: Professor Dr. Ng Wai Kong
Academic Members: Professor Dr. Madhulika Kaushik and Professor Dr. Ng Wai Kong

COURSE COORDINATOR
Dr. Tung Lai Cheng

PRODUCTION
In-house Editors: Ms. Lillian Chng, Ms. Marnisya Rahim and Ms. Patricia Toh Swet Ting Graphic Designers: Sam Studio Graphics and Ms. Audrey Yeong

Wawasan Open University is Malaysia’s first private not-for-profit tertiary institution dedicated to adult learners. It is funded by the Wawasan Education Foundation, a tax-exempt entity established by the Malaysian People’s Movement Party (Gerakan) and supported by the Yeap Chor Ee Charitable and Endowment Trusts, other charities, corporations, members of the public and occasional grants from the Government of Malaysia.

The course material development of the university is funded by Yeap Chor Ee Charitable and Endowment Trusts.

Copyright © Commonwealth of Learning, 2003
First revision 2013
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior written permission from:

The Commonwealth of Learning
1285 West Broadway
Suite 600
Vancouver, BC V6H 3X8
Canada
Email: info@col.org

UNIT 1 iii
Human resource management in perspective

Contents
Unit 1 Human Resource Management
in Perspective
Course overview

1

Unit overview

3

Unit objectives

3

1.1 Introduction to human resource management
(HRM)

5

Objectives

5

Introduction

5

Various functions of HRM

6

HRM as a restatement of existing personnel practice

12

HRM as a new managerial discipline

14

HRM as an individually-focused developmental model

17

HRM as a strategic and international function

18

Some assumptions about HRM

19

Defining characteristics of HRM

21

HRM: Some arguments and conclusions

22

Suggested answers to activity

24

1.2 A brief history of HRM and its origins

27

Objectives

27

Introduction

27

Origins of HRM

27

Historical antecedents of the HR function

28

iv WAWASAN OPEN UNIVERSITY
BMG 511 Managing Human Resources

Evolution of the roles of HRM

30

The changing perspectives on HRM jobs

31

The intellectual antecedents of HRM

32

HRM: Past, present and future

32

Auditing the HR function

41

Contemporary significance of HRM

42

Suggested answers to activities

44

1.3 Strategic HRM

47

Objectives

47

Introduction

47

What is strategic human resource management (SHRM)?

47

Why SHRM?

51

Strategy, HRM and organisational outcomes

52

Implementation of SHRM

58

Suggested answers to activities

62

1.4 Malaysian laws related to HRM

65

Objectives

65

Introduction

65

The Employment Act 1955 (Latest amendments up to
1 Jan 2006)

66

The Wages Council Act 1947

72

The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) Act 1951

73

The Workmen’s Compensation Act 1952

75

The Employees’ Social Security Act (SOCSO) 1969

75

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) 1994

77

UNIT 1 v
Human resource management in perspective

The Children and Young Persons (Employment) Act 1966

82

The Trade Unions Act 1959

83

The Industrial Relations Act 1967

86

Code of Practice for the Prevention and Eradication of
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace (1999)

88

Summary of Unit 1

95

References

97

Appendices

99

vi WAWASAN OPEN UNIVERSITY
BMG 511 Managing Human Resources

UNIT 1 1
Human resource management in...


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accountancy’ in Storey, J (ed) New Perspectives on Human Resource Management,
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Perspective, London: Longman Group U.K
Beer, M and Spector, B (1985) ‘Corporate wide transformations in human resource
management’ in Walton, R E and Lawrence, E R (eds) Human Resource Management
Beer, M, Spector, B, Lawrence, P R, Quinn Mills, D and Walton, R E (1984)
Managing Human Assets, New York: Free Press.
Boxall, P F (Spring 1992) ‘Strategic human resource management: Beginnings of a
new theoretical sophistication’, Human Resource Management Journal, 2:3.
Butler, J E, Ferris, G R and Napier, N K (1991) Strategic Human Resources
Management, Cincinnati: Southwestern.
Butler, J E, Ferris, G R, and Smith-Cook, D S (1988) ‘Exploring some critical
dimensions of strategic human resource management’ in Schuler, R S, Youngblood,
Dessler, G (2001) Human Resource Management, 7th edn., New Delhi: Prentice-Hall
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Context, Functions and Outcomes, 3rd edn, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
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5th edn, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Goss, D (1994) Principles of Human Resource Management, London and New York:
Routledge.
Hendry, C and Pettigrew, A (1986) ‘The practice of strategic human resource
management’, Personnel Review, 15(5): 3 – 8.
Jyothi, P and Venkatesh, D N (2006) Human Resource Management, New Delhi:
Oxford University Press.
Maimunah Aminuddin (2006) Malaysian Industrial Relations & Employment Law,
5th edn, KL: McGraw Hill.
Miller, P (1989) ‘Strategic HRM: What it is and what it isn’t”, Personnel Management.
Ministry of Human Resources, http://www.mohr.gov.my/index.php/en/2012-1101-21-01-13/acts (Accessed 23 January 2013).
Rothwell, W J, Prescott, R K and Taylor, M W (1998) Strategic Human Resource
Leader, Palo Alto: Davies-Black Publishing.
Sisson, K (1990) ‘Introducing human resource management’, Human Resource
Management Journal, 1(1): 1 – 11.
Snell, S and Bohlander, G (2007) Human Resource Management, Thomson SouthWestern.
Truss, C and Gratton, L (1994) ‘Strategic human resource management: A
conceptual approach’, The International Journal of Human Resource Management,
Tsui, A S (1987) ‘Defining the activities and effectiveness of the HR department:
A multiple constituency approach’, Human Resource Management, 26:35 – 69.
Wright, P and McMahan, G (1992) ‘Theoretical perspectives for strategic human
resource management’, Journal of Management, 18:295 – 320.
Wright, P and Snell, S (1991) ‘Toward an integrative view of strategic human
resource management’, Human Resource Management Review, 1:203 – 225.
1. Employment Act 1955 (Latest amendments in 2006) (The Labour
Department)
10. Code of Practice for the Prevention and Eradication of Sexual Harassment
in the Workplace (1999)
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