management theories

Topics: Management, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Abraham Maslow Pages: 4 (1159 words) Published: September 16, 2014
Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory have played an vital role in the history of modern management .It is two qualitative leap of modern management system. As two relatively complete system of Management theory, Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory has made its own unique contribution. This essay aims to identify key similarities and differences between two theory by comparing detailed aspects which including focus, the comprehension of structure ,basic assumptions of person and the task of leader, simultaneously, exploring how Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory can reconcile the incompatibilities between the approaches.

Classical Management theory was developed during the Industrial Revolution in order to deal withthe problem about inefficiency in the factories. it mainly contained of Weber(1922)'s Bureaucratic management,Taylor(1911)'s Scientific Management and Fayol(1925)'s General Management Principles. As Taylor (1911) wrote in his books "the purpose of scientific management is how achieve the maximum efficiency ",these theory highlighted the importance of using scientific and standardized methods in workplace ; pointed out the study will continue to improve the working methods; determine the many principles to operate the organization more efficiently and emphasized the salary as a potential factor of motivation.

Human Relation theory was proposed by a America behavioral scientist named Mayo (1933) after that Classical Management theory had been presented for nearly 20 years . According to Meyao (1933)the most important factor that effected the productivity are not condition and treatment ,but the human relation in workplace.Human Relation theory stressed the importance of human factors ;advocated improving managers’ interpersonal skills and changing leadership; emphasized the informal organization

Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory contain many aspects that...

Bibliography: Davis,R.C. (1951) The Fundamentals of Top Management .New York: Harper
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