Leadership Study Guide

Topics: Management, Leadership, Charismatic authority Pages: 17 (3160 words) Published: April 14, 2014
Leadership Study Guide

What is Leadership and 13 Leadership Challenges

Leader – person who influences a group of people towards the achievement of a goal

Effective leader
Knowledgable, experienced and learns from misktakes
Identifies goals and develops strategies to achieve them
Creates culture based on shared values
Establishes emotional link with followers
Strong vision, commitment and management skills

Great By Choice
Fanatic Discipline – unbending devotion to quest
Productive Paranoia – assume and prepare for the worst
Empirical creativity – use extensive empirical activity for actions Professional will – unwavering resolve to do what’s necessary Person humility – compelling modesty and inspired standards

13 Leadership Challenges
1. Knowing Your Strengths and Weaknesses as a Leader
2. Leading from the Top Down
3. Leading from the Bottom Up
4. Knowing How to Follow
5. Using Power and Influence to Achieve Organizational Personal Goals 6. Leading a Team to Success
7. Negotiating Good Deals
8. Handling Crises
9. Managing Projects Effectively and Efficiently
10. Leading Ethically and with Courage
11. Facing the Entrepreneurial Challenge
12. Leading the Diverse Workforce
13. Leading Change and Innovation and Transforming Organizations

Strengths and Weaknesses as a Leader

Trait Theory – Leader as a “Big Man”
People inherit traits that make them better suited for leadership Identifies certain behavioral or personality characteristics that are shared by leaders Early Traits – self awareness, emotional intelligence, social skills, drive, integrity, self-regulation, knowledge of the business More recent traits – self-confidence, charisma, honesty, motivation, ambition, tenacity, initiative, cognitive ability Behavioral Theories

Based on the belief that leaders are MADE not BORN
Opposite of trait theory and Great Man theories
Focuses on actions of leaders
The Blake Mouton Grid – Concern for people vs. concern for production (strive for the middle of the road) Orientation to Task vs. Orientation to People Chart
*Behaviorial theory is very situation dependent which is a problem in the theory

Situational Theories
1. Fiedler’s Least Preferred Co-Worker (Cognitive Resource theory) Stress is the enemy of rationality
Theory focuses on the influence of the leader’s intelligence and experience on his/her reaction to stress Group effectiveness depends on an appropriate match between: Leader and Members relations
Task structure
Position Power
Measures least preferred coworker
Engineer job to fit manager (not the other way around)
2. Path Goal Theory
Leader must help increase expectancies by facilitating the paths to pay offs Clarifying expectations
Reducing barriers to attaining rewards
4 Styles
Task – lets followers know what is expected of them and tells them how to perform their tasks Supportive – shows concern for followers well being and is very empathetic Participative – leaders consult with followers and ask for their suggestions before making a decision Achievement – sets challenging goals for followers, expects them to perform at their highest level and shows confidence in their ability to meet these expectations Choose a style that meets the needs and characteristics of leader and followers given the task and environment they are working in *differs from Fiedler’s in that leadership style changes to fit the task 3. Life Cycle Theory

No single best style of leadership
Effective leadership is task relevant and leaders must adapt their style depending on the situation and maturity of group members Combo of task behavior and relationship behavior
Telling (one way communication
Selling (two way communication)
Participating (less task behavior and more relationship behavior) Delegating (responsibility has been passed to the group)
4 levels of maturity (Very capable and confident  unable and insecure) Developing people and self-motivation
Low competence low...
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