The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education which means a standardized kindergarten curriculum, six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.
Features of K 6-4-2
1. Kindergarten and 12 years of quality basic education is a right of every Filipino, therefore they must be and will be provided by government and will be free. 2. Those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high school diploma (4 years), and a senior high school diploma (2 years). 3. A full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education (entering freshmen by SY 2018-2019 or seven years from now). What is Senior High School?
1. 2 years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue 2. Skills and competencies relevant to the job market
3. The 2 years of senior HS intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. 4. The curriculum will allow specializations in Science and Technology, Music and Arts, Agriculture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship. Why add two more years?
1. To decongest and enhance the basic education curriculum
2. To provide better quality education for all
3. The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year basic education program 4. K to 12 is not new. The proposal to expand the basic education dates back to 1925. 5. Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%. 6. Studies validate that improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by 2% to 2.2%. 7. Minus 2 instead of plus 2 for those families who cannot afford a college education but still wish to have their children find a good paying job. Right now, parents spend for at least 4 years of college to have an employable child. In our model, parents will not pay for 2 years of basic education that will give them an employable child. In effect, we are saving parents 2 years of expenses. The plan is not “Plus 2 years before graduation” but “Minus 2 years before work 8. To inspire a shift in attitude that completion of high school education is more than just preparation for college but can be sufficient for a gainful employment or career. K to 12 Education Vision
1. Graduates of Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education Program will: 2. Acquire mastery of basic competencies.
3. Be more emotionally mature.
4. Be socially aware, pro-active, involved in public and civic affairs. 5. Be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. 6. Be legally employable with potential for better earnings. 7. Be globally competitive.
8. Every graduate of the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education Program is an empowered individual who has learned, through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence, the foundations for learning throughout life, the competence to engage in work and be productive, and the capacity to transform others and one’s self. Speech (Key Points)
According to President Benigno S. Aquino, “We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” In line with this, the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, “The State shall establish, maintain, and support a complete, adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and the society.“ Such mandate gives justice to the basic rights of every Filipino child: the right to quality education and the right to a quality life.
Students do not get enough time to perform tasks because the curriculum is designed to be taught in a span of 12 years and not 10 years. The more obvious result of this is the fact that most high school students graduate without the readiness to take upon higher education or employment. These students are not equipped with the basic skills or competencies needed at work. Furthermore, the short duration of our basic education program puts Filipinos who are interested to either work or study abroad at a disadvantage. This is because other countries see our 10-year program as incomplete, which then, causes Filipino graduates to not be considered as professionals abroad.
The quality of education is reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduates for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education.