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K to 12

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PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMS BY THE LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY-MANILA TO COUNTER THE EFFECTS OF THE K TO 12 PROGRAM

A Research Paper Presented to
The Faculty of the Department of English and Literature
College of International Relations
Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila
Intramuros, Manila

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Course
ENGN12A: Writing in the Discipline

Cablinan, Avril Janna T.
Codamon, Dyan Ashley B.
Deato, Jaimee A.
Lara, Anwil Janel G.
Soco, Jessel G.

August 18, 2012

APPROVAL SHEET
The research paper entitled, “PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMS BY THE LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY-MANILA TO COUNTER THE EFFECTS OF THE K TO 12 PROGRAM,” prepared and submitted by Cablinan, Avril Janna T., Codamon, Dyan Ashley B., Deato, Jaimee A., Lara, Anwil Janel G., Soco, Jesselin partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course ENGN12A: Writing in the Discipline is hereby recommended for approval and acceptance.

October 8, 2012
Date Joan E. Flores
Research Instructor

Acknowledgement
The researchers would like to acknowledge the following people who made this research a great possibility and success:
a. To Almighty God, for blessing us with the necessary knowledge and capabilities to be able to accomplish this research;
b. To our parents, who endlessly supported us throughout the endeavors of our research and provided us with all the financial needs;
c. To our adviser, Ms. Joan E. Flores, for guiding us throughout the process of making our research;
d. To Ms. Carolyn Quibas, for providing us all the necessary information about the preparation of the Guidance and Testing Center for K to 12;
e. To Ms. Rizalina R. Benico, for enlightening us about the financial status of the university;
f. To Ms. Jennifer D. Tucpi, for providing us information as well as clarifying some points regarding the planned programs of the university to counter the effect of the K to 12 program.

DEDICATION
This research paper is dedicated to the following:
a. to the teachers of LPU-Manila, who will hopefully gain some useful information about the programs planned by the university to counter the effects of K to 12;
b. to the students, who could take some interest about the programs of LPU-Manila;
c. to our families, for providing us all the necessary love and concern; without them, this research would not have been a success.
d. to LPU-Manila, who should be recognized for all of its efforts to give its students the best quality of education
e. to the parents, who could benefit in the planning and development programs of the school especially on the graduate program course.

ABSTRACT
The K to 12 education program which has been implemented this year would have its full effects on colleges and universities by the school year 2016-2017. In which on that year, there is no expected or there is decreased entrance of freshmen students. The following years will be a domino effect wherein there will be no more freshmen, sophomores, juniors and seniors. In line with the decreased population of college students is also the decrease of tuition fees where the colleges and universities like the Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila depend on mainly for finance. In LPU-Manila, the freshmen population comprises a huge part of the enrollment or approximately 25% of the total population. The expected financial troubles could also result to the unemployment of some teachers especially for the general education subjects because of the absence of students to teach. There is also an expected change of curriculum for the additional 2 years would mean that the students have already taken up some subjects in the senior high school which would mean they would not already take it in college.

The researchers then interviewed some important personnel of the school to gather information of how the school is planning their countermeasures against the K to 12 program. The researchers were able to interview the director of the guidance and testing center, the chief accountant for finance and the school registrar. The researchers were able to gather reliable information to be able to push through their research paper.

The researchers conclude that LPU-Manila is indeed preparing for the effects of the K to 12 program and in fact, has started to implement some of the programs. Most of the programs are still on hold for they are still waiting for orders of the Department of Education for permission to teach some subjects in grades 11 and 12 and the curriculum for grades 11 and 12.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Approval Sheet……………………………………………………………..i Acknowledgement………………………………………………………….ii Dedication…………………………………………………………………..iii Abstract……………………………………………………………………..iv Table of Contents…………………………………………………………...vi-vi Chapter I…………………………………………………………………….1-9 I. Introduction………………………………………………………………..1-4

Statement of the Purpose of the Study……………………………….5
Significance of the Study……………………………………………..5-6
Scope and Limitation………………………………………………….6
Definition of Terms…………………………………………………….7-9 Chapter II……………………………………………………………..………..10-16
Review of Related Literature…………………………………………..10-12
Review of Related Studies……………………………………………..12-16 Chapter III…………………………………………………………………........17-19
Research Design……………………………………………………….....17
Participants of the Study………………………………………………....17
Research Locale…………………………………………………………...17
Research Instruments……………………………………………………....17
Gathering Instruments……………………………………………………..17
Gathering Procedures………………………………………………………18
Sources of Data……………………………………………………………..18

Chapter IV…………………………………………………………………………..19-28
Presentation…………………………………………………………………19-21
Analysis………………………………………………………………………21-25
Interpretation…………………………………………………………………25-28 Chapter V…………………………………………………………………………….29-30 Summary Conclusions and Recommendations ……………………...……………….29-30

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

1.1. Introduction

In the Philippines, education is one of the most adhered necessities in life. In a poor family, education is believed to help them rise up from the status quo while for the rich, elite education maintains their wealth and success. For parents, education is the best inheritance they could give to their children. On the point of view of the government, quality education is needed to make the citizens of the country productive and internationally competitive.

With this belief, the government wants to improve the quality of education here in the Philippines by adding two more years to the former 10-years elementary and secondary education. The program is called the K to 12 program spearheaded by the Department of Education.

According to deped.gov.ph, the official website of the DepEd, K to 12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. The K to 12 program officially started on April 24, 2012 but according to the Department of Education, K to 12 is not new because the proposal to expand the basic education dates back to 1925. However, it started to get real at the 20th century.

The model that is currently being proposed by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12). The two years of senior high school intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. Furthermore, in this K 6-4-2 model, it features“those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high school diploma (4 years), and a senior high school diploma (2 years); a full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education (entering freshmen by SY 2018-2019 or seven years from now).” Accordingly, an open and consultative process will be adopted in the development and implementation of K to 12.Change is two-fold: (a) curriculum enhancement and (b) transition management. The site further explained the additional two years or the senior high school which is composed of two years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue; and skills and competencies relevant to the job market. The 2 years of senior HS intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies.The curriculum will allow specializations in Science and Technology, Music and Arts, Agriculture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship. According to the site, the need to add two more years is necessarily to adhere to global standards as the Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year educational program. It is also a way to decongest the curriculum; enhance the basic education curriculum and to provide better quality education for all.

Besides, “studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%. Studies validate that improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by 2% to 2.2%. There will also be a minus 2 instead of plus 2 for those families who cannot afford a college education but still wish to have their children find a good paying job. Right now, parents spend for at least 4 years of college to have an employable child. In the model, parents will not pay for 2 years of basic education that will give them an employable child. In effect, we are saving parents 2 years of expenses. The plan is not “Plus 2 years before graduation” but “Minus 2 years before work. To inspire a shift in attitude that completion of high school education is more than just preparation for college but can be sufficient for a gainful employment or career.”

According to President Benigno S. Aquino, “We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.”

According to Francisco III and Cagalingan (2012) “upon finishing the said program, students can now choose whether they want to work immediately or pursue further studies in college. Because they are well-armed with the required competencies needed for work, they can be considered mature enough to face the demands of work compared to younger graduates.”

However, not all are in favor of the K+12 Education. There are students complaining of the additional years and there are parents who are not in favor of the additional expenses. But indeed, it is an undeniable fact that additional years in the education system will really require more budgets not just from the government but from the parents as well. Aside from this, students will need additional classrooms, school supplies and facilities. The program would need more qualified teachers as well (Maureen, 2012).

According to Hall (2012), “like everything else in the Philippines, planning is not taken seriously. There is no transparency of information about what is going on to aid planning. It is amazing to me that this K-12 will start in June, yet no law has been passed (our politicians are too busy with the impeachment trial of the Supreme Court chief justice) nor is the department of education ready to divine how this feat could be carried out. There is that sense of "pakiramdam" (feeling through), with the expectation that no policy is set even if backed by the current president because after all, he will be gone from office in four years. And so, the system will muddle through. This is obviously not a good time for any college administrator.”

While many have touted on its impact to the basic education curriculum, to the economy, and to our bid in synchronizing our educational system to world standards, rare is the discussion on its impact to tertiary education (Rodrigo, 2011).

Private colleges and universities which are sustained almost purely by tuition fees will be in peril unless they make similar adjustments when the pool of incoming college students dries up in four years. Or they could seek government subsidies to accommodate public school students in grades 11 and 12 while the DepEd builds new classrooms (Fernandez & Rosero, 2012).

Private colleges and universities will be financially challenged to maintain their operation and compensate their teaching staff with the expected decrease of enrollees starting 2017. Administrators of private schools offering tertiary education, including those under the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP), said they are bracing for the expected drop in freshman admissions as a result of the implementation of Kindergarten to 12 (K to 12) basic education program this school year (YouthPinoy, 2012).

Apparently, private higher education institutions are oblivious of what to do, because the Commission on Higher Education has not laid its plans yet or provided the HEIs an outline of the college education curriculum (Rodrigo, 2011).

1.2 Statement of the Purpose of the Study
The general purpose of the study is to determine the planning and development strategies of LPU-Manila to counter the effects of the K to 12 program. This study has the following purposes:
A. to identify the planning and development programs of LPU-Manila to the effects of the K to 12 program B. to know the awareness of the university of the effects of the K to 12 program; C. to know how prepared the university is in the possible changes; and D. to have knowledge about the countermeasures the university is planning to implement.

1.3 Significance of the Study
Lyceum of the Philippines University administration. This research may provide the administration information about the effects of the K to 12 education program of the DepEd to the university. The researchers may give them a forewarning of the upcoming effects of K to 12 that they may make preparations as early as possible to counter these effects. In addition, the university will be able to adapt quickly to the changes and will not be surprised with the sudden changes.

Parents. This research will give parents information about the changes in the university management and curriculum so they will also be prepared. The need for them to be informed is also crucial so they could support the administration and the students in implementing the countermeasures promulgated by the school.

Students. They could easily adapt to the changes brought about by the effects of K to 12 education program. They also need to be informed about the effects of K to 12 education program so they, in turn, could adjust to the specific changes in the university. Their cooperation is also needed to make the countermeasures planned be a success.

Teachers. They may be cognizant of the effects of K to 12 to the university and will get ready for the possible changes in the demand for teachers in specific subjects. 1.4 Scope and Limitation
The study focused on the countermeasures of the Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila in preparation for the effects of the K to 12 program. This study aims to find out the planning and development of programs of the school to undertake the effects of the K to 12.

The researchers will conduct interviews with the members of the Lyceum of the Philippines administration to get their thoughts and ideas of the programs to counter the effects of the K to 12 education and how prepared they are. The researchers will also rely on other research made to other universities because the effects in that university could also happen to the Lyceum of the Philippines University.

The researchers conducted the study on the first semester, academic year 2011-2012. They hoped to give effectual information to the university to help them prepare for the changes brought by K to 12 to the university by 2016.

1.5 Definition of Terms
K-12 program. Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. Kindergarten points to the 5-year old child who undertakes the standardized curriculum for preschoolers. Elementary education refers to 6 years of primary school (Grades 1-6) while secondary education means four years of junior high school (Grades 7-10 or HS Year 1-4). In addition to this, two years are now allotted for senior high school (Grades 11-12 or HS Year 5-6) (K to 12 Deped Primer (2011). Diploma. is a document certifying the successful completion of a course of study Collins (2009). Enhancement. is a process of augmentation or improvement Campbell and Rozsnyai (2002). Kindergarten. is a school for young children, conducted on the theory that education should be begun by gratifying and cultivating the normal aptitude for exercise, play, observation, imitation, and construction Collins and Harper (2001). Primary education. is most often referred to as elementary school, which is usually composed of grades one through six. The main purpose of primary education is to give children a strong foundation in the basics of a general curriculum, with an emphasis on reading and math http://www.ehow.com/about_5076822_definition-primary-education.html (2010). Secondary education. also known as high school, is the stage of education following primary (or elementary) education, and is the last part of formal compulsory education http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Secondary_education (2008). National Achievement Test (NAT). is an examination given annually in March to assess the competency of both public and private school students. The students’ knowledge and skills are tested in the subjects of Mathematics, English, Science, Filipino, and HEKASI for grade school and Mathematics, English, Science, Filipino, and Araling Panlipunan for high school. The test is administered by the Department of Education's National Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC). The results are intended to guide the Department of Education in its efforts towards the improvement of the quality of education in public schools and to provide appropriate intervention for the students. A score of 75% and up indicates mastery of the subject and 50% to less than 75%, near mastery; while a score of below 50% indicates low mastery http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=National_Achievement_Test (2009). Senior High School. is the two years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue; the 2 years of senior HS intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies; The curriculum will allow specializations in Science and Technology, Music and Arts, Agriculture and Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship http://www.gov.ph/2010/11/02/briefer-on-the-enhanced-k12-basic-education-program/ (2010). Vocational Education. is an educational training that provides practical experience in a particular field as agriculture, home economics, or industry Encarta Dictionaries (2009). Junior High School / Middle school. a school intermediate between elementary school and senior high school: it usually includes grades 7, 8, and 9 Encarta Dictionaries (2009). Curriculum. is the instructional and educative programme by following which the pupils achieve their goals, ideals and aspirations of life. It is curriculum through which the general aims of a school education receive concrete expression http://www.preservearticles.com/201102244155/complete-information-on-the-meaning-and-principles-of-curriculum-construction.html (2010) Planning. To formulate a scheme or program for the accomplishment, enactment, or attainment of:plan a campaign http://www.thefreedictionary.com/planning (2000).

Development. the act of developing or disclosing that which is unknown http://www.brainyquote.com/words/de/development153653.html(2001). Countermeasures. A measure or action taken to counter or offset another one http://www.thefreedictionary.com/countermeasure (2000) Counter. to offer in response http://www.thefreedictionary.com/counter (2000)

CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter presents the ideas and views of some people that discussed issues related to the effects of K to 12 education program to colleges and universities and some countermeasures to the effects of it. The data gathered were from articles, books, journals, internet and local studies.

2.1. Conceptual Literature
According to Quismundo (2011), the K to 12 program aims to improve the quality of Filipino high school graduates by adding two years of senior high school to the former 10-year educational curriculum. Moreover, the K-12 program will make the Philippines conform to global standards on education by filling in the two-year shortcoming. In its implementation, there will be a two-year gap before the entrance again of college freshmen in universities and colleges. In this gap, problems will then arise to the Philippine colleges and universities.

Accordingly, “empty classrooms and lonely campuses lies ahead for many colleges and universities when "senior high school" goes into effect in 2016 under the new K to 12 educational system. Over a million students then will be in grade 11, when they would have been enrolled as college freshmen” (Fernandez and Rosero, 2012).

This gap created by the K to 12 program brings along financial losses which could be in billions of pesos if countermeasures are not put in place before 2016 according to the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities (PACU). Some education experts even say that it could drive some schools out of business since majority of the budget relies on the tuition fee paid by the students.

Therefore, colleges and universities in the Philippines should be aware of the effects of the K to 12 education program. This awareness will lead them to make preparations and countermeasures to cope up with the changes. Lyceum of the Philippines, then, should have much awareness of its effects and start formulating solutions with the changes.

Moreover, PACU said that “college faculty may face unemployment and school administrations can expect labor unrest”. Since there are no freshmen students to teach, there will be no more need for a university to hire a teacher considering that there will also be no source of salary to pay the teacher. This could then put some teachers to unemployment or less salary to earn.

Also according to wordpress.com (2011), there will be a redesigning of general education and course curriculum. It states that “the urgent challenge that administrators need to think about is how to cushion the impact of this new cycle of enrollment. But of high importance is the evaluation and re-engineering of the curriculum to address the changes in the cycle.”

From the same site, it further stated that “apparently, private higher education institutions are oblivious of what to do, because the Commission on Higher Education has not laid its plans yet or provided the HEIs an outline of the college education curriculum. The DepEd Secretary, Br. Armin Luistro, FSC, secretary says that one impact of K to 12 implementation is higher enrolment because the subjects will be downsized and some others will have to be taken in High School.This projection contradicts what K to 12 is supposed to provide Filipino students in terms of giving them the education that is comparable to global standards. A college graduate from the Philippines is short of qualifications in other countries because of the 10 year cycle we have for basic education. Our degree programs in colleges are almost patterned to world standards. Hence, cutting down on the subjects or reducing the length of college education will result to the same dilemma.There may be subjects that will be taken in high school from the present college curriculum. The challenge now is to offer more vital subjects for the the college students, advancing their knowledge skills to be better off when they start their career. The expected impact of K12 on HEIs will be probably felt four years from now, but as informed individuals the academe has to set its course action by now.With strategic actions from HEIs the impact of K12 implementation will be cushioned.”

2.2. Research Literature
This section focuses on the related studies with respect to the importance of K to 12 and the benefits it can bequeath to the individual, family, society and economy. Some projected effects of K to 12 to college institutions and also to the economy were mentioned below. The researchers also have mentioned Baliuag University as an example for the preparation regarding K to 12. According to Felipe (2010), a social scientist from the University of the Philippines and who also graduated from Yale, and Carolina C. Porio (2010), the executive director of Fund for Assistance to Private Education (FAPE), the quality of Philippine education is not based on how long its term cycle is. Quality is not based on quantity. However, they injected that the lengthening of the education cycle inthe Philippines is a must because it’s a vital problem under the country’s international relations. The universal standard is to be met and to be able to meet this; the Philippine government has to make it into a national policy. Eaton (2009) has also mentioned some reasons why K to 12 is important to put into effect: 1. The level of quality of basic education in the Philippines is reflected on the results of the National Achievement Test (NAT). One factor of these results is the shorter term of education for subjects that are prepared for twelve years. The passing mark on NAT for sixth graders, school year 2009 to 2010 is 61.21% compared on the passing mark on school year 2005 to 2006with a decrease of 24% from the above mentioned passing mark. Regardless of the 24% improvement, it is still important to lengthen the cycle of basic education in able to achieve a higher rate of improvement. 2. The results of international examinations like 2003 TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) portrays Philippines as ranking thirty- fourth(34th) from the thirty- eight countries in HS II Mathematics and ranking forty- third(43th) from forty- six countries in HS II Science. In 2008, Science High Schools are specifically chosen to join in the category of Advanced Mathematics but still ranked last. 3. The former 10-year curriculum also manifests the cluttered preparation of High School graduates in the world of entrepreneurship or for college. In addition to this, high school graduates do not still master the primary skills or emotional maturity needed for work. Almost 70.9% of the unemployed are graduates of the secondary level only and 80% of the unemployed too, ages from fifteen to thirty four years old. In the end of 2011, according to National Statistics Office, seven percent or 4.33 million of the country’s population that are aged fifteen years old and above are currently unemployed. It also reported that another 11. 96 million Filipinos are unemployed. Though the economic opportunity in the Philippines is affecting the rate of employment, still, the data pertains to the mismatch of work and the skills and ages of the Filipinos who want to work.

Some effects of the K to 12 to the economy of the country is that, according to the prediction of Asian Development Bank, it has projected that the Philippine economy will only grow by five percent this year 2012 and range between six to seven percent in the medium term which is much slower than the country’s neighbors in the region.

In addition, according to Horizons released in March 2012, K to 12 program can be affective to college institutions and universities because of the roll out period for K to 12; there will be no first year college students in 2016, no first and second year college students in 2017, no second and third year college students in 2018, no third year and fourth year college students in 2019, and no fourth year college students in 2020. However, Eaton has also mentioned some benefits of the K to 12 Program: A. To the individual and the family

* Because of the improved and expanded curriculum which gives more time to hone students, it is more assured that the basic education is given to sharpen and to prepare students for college. * An improved curriculum lightens the academic activities which gives students more time to improve their skills and also to give time for outdoor learning other than inside the school. Thus, it gives way for development. * Graduates have greater chance of employment within and out of the country. Thus, they can improve the living conditions of their family with greater hope.

B. To the society and economy
* The education system of the Philippines is at par with the international standard. Filipinos can be world widely known as “true” graduates and professionals as indicated under the agreement with Washington and Bologna. * A skilled and competent society is a good foundation for socioeconomic development in the long run. The K to 12 Basic Education system gives contribution for the building up of courage and sharpening of minds of individual to proficiently execute productive work or entrepreneurship, and also to have a good amount of discipline in education. Moreover, from the Philippine government on its own study, revealed that an additional year in school would result to P33 billion additional incomes for the government, a 0.33 percent hike in gross national product, and increase in gross domestic product by two percent. However, due to the shifting to K to 12, colleges and universities in the country are projecting a fallback of 25% in earnings for five years starting in 2016 (Horizons, 2012). On the other hand, the researchers had cited one school that had announced its preparations toward the implemented K to 12 program. Baliuag University in Bulacan which has been offering 87 years of education and is at par with the best universities across the countries has stated its preparations and actions towards the new curriculum. According to Ms. Alicia S. Bustos (Horizons, 2012), the Chairman and President of Baliuag University, their university will indeed fully move forward to K to 12 side by side with some changes taking place for their university, their faculty, employees and students. Last March 2012, the Baliuag University initiated a one day gathering of parents and faculty members to discuss K to 12. The University has brought to their campus Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Center for Educational Innovation and Technology Senior Specialist Dr. Ethel Valenzuela. He was tasked by the Department of Education to come out with a study on K to 12 (Horizons, 2012). According also to the Vice President of Academic Affairs Dr. Flordeliza Castro (Horizons, 2012), Baliuag University will be offering an eight- week workshop for pupils that failed to take their kindergarten class. If they pass, then they will be entitled by the University as qualified to enter grade school. Furthermore, Baliuag University has revealed its initial outline of their paths for Grades 11 and 12. According to Dr. Castro (Horizons, 2012), their University will include HRM- related competencies and dual training for vocation and technical education.Their College of Business Administration and Accountancy (CBAA) as mentioned by their Dean Evalio Echaves (Horizons, 2012), has planned to offer Bachelor of Science in Real Estate Management which is the first of its kind in the Philippines. Dean Echaves said to deem Philippine property market “to continue developing over the next five years” which will give students good opportunity to get into industry should they had took up the new course. Should the College be hampered, their back- up plan is to offer the course in 2013, and use the current year to promote the course, cultivate their curriculum and link up with real estate groups. Faculty members also, especially in their College of Arts and Science (CAS) are urged by their University to get ready by encouraging them to take the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) which is also required by the Department of Education (Horizons, 2012).

CHAPTER III
METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design
The researchers used the descriptive method for the purpose of presenting and interpreting the data or the information gathered through interview. The data was presented with respect to the possible effects of K to 12 to the Lyceum of the Philippines University- Manila.

Descriptive method is a way of obtaining facts and information among a sample or population. It has various subdivisions such as survey, case study and interview. Thus, in this particular research, it employed the interview method. 3.2 Research Locale

The researchers had set their parameters within the campus and administration of Lyceum of the Philippines, Intramuros, Manila. Through interview method, the researchers only gathered information from respective personnel under the university. 3.3 Participants of the Study

The participants of the study only include the workers of Lyceum of the Philippines- Manila: Head of the Registrar, Director of the Guidance Office and the Chief Accountant from the Finance Department. 3.4 Research Instrument

The researchers used the method of interview to accomplish their aims about the planning and development of programs by LPU-Manila to counter the effect of the K to 12 program. The researchers used the convenience sampling in terms of interviewing the respondent.

3.5 Gathering Procedures
The researchers prepared their significant questions addressed to the employees of the university in an interview. The interview was administered by scheduling an appointment with the personnel. The researchers met them in their respective offices and thus, performed their tasks. 3.6 Sources of Data

The researchers will get their data from the interviewees they will interview. The interviewees will be from the members of the administration of Lyceum of the Philippines University. Another supporting data will be from journals, magazines, newspaper articles and internet sources related to the effects of K to education to colleges and universities.

CHAPTER IV
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter presents the information gathered in the interview. The presentation, analysis and interpretation of the data discusses the plans, programs and countermeasures LPU-Manila is doing in preparation for the effects of the K to 12 program. 4.1 Presentation

The researchers first interviewed Ms. Carolyn C. Quiba, Director of the Guidance and Counseling Office who expressed her views of the said matter. On the questions attached to the letter, she answered that indeed, there will be no expected freshmen student by the year 2016. According to her, this would mean that the Guidance and Counseling office would be expecting more mature clientele. She said that “we can expect more matured, married and working students compared to what we have now.” She further explained that right now, she is reading the requirements for the international standards for guidance and counseling office in a university. This international standards are what Canada and the United States are using. She said that this is to “avoid redundancy of programs” which the K to 12 may have already tackled. With the non-entrance of freshmen enrollees, she also agrees that there will be some financial shortage on the part of the finance. She then recommends the teachers to take the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) so they could teach high school students for grades 11 and 12. During the course of the interview, she also said that LPU-Manila should start improving the higher education like the masteral’s program which they have already started by offering courses on occupational therapy and speech pathology. She further said that LPU-Manila also offer short-term, 2 year courses. In her opinion, LPU-Manila might as well offer vocational courses on welding and other skills work which are highly in demand to other countries.

The next person interviewed was Ms. Rizalina R. Benico, the chief accountant of the Finance Department, who further confirmed the financial shortage the university would face by the year 2016. She said that 25% of the current population is from the first year department with an estimated population of 3 000 enrollees from the estimated population of 13 000. To counter this effect then, they are implementing the budget system which they do not apply before. This budget system was implemented last year wherein, the appropriation of budget for school activities and events are applied before the school starts. In the budget system, she says that prioritization is applied to as how much the budget is appropriated. As for the moment, they are also implementing the freeze hiring of employees. She said that they are not hiring permanent employees anymore. Today, they are either hiring on a contractual basis where the employee will work for 6 months or they will hire the services of an agency or a company for a lower cost. When asked by if the school is currently laying off the employees, she said that as far as she know, they are not laying off anyone except for those on a contractual basis. She thinks that the school’s countermeasure for this effect is that the teachers most especially those in the College of Arts and Sciences who are teaching general education subjects are encouraged to take the LET exam so they could teach high school students.

The last person to be interviewed was Ms. Jennifer D. Tucpi, the registrar, who clarified some things about the countermeasures the school is planning to undertake. LPU-Manila will definitely teach grades 11 and 12 subjects as long as the Department of Education will allow them. As of the moment, they are still waiting for the order of the DepEd to release the curriculum for grades 11 and 12 and also grant the private institutions permission to teach K to 12. She said that the VPAA is currently attending all meetings and conferences regarding K to 12 to gather more information to finalize the plans of countermeasures by LPU-Manila for K to 12. She also agreed that there is an expected decrease of population by the year 2016. She said that for the SY 2016-2017, there will be no freshmen. SY 2017-2018 will have no freshmen and sophomore. SY 2018-2019 will have sophomore and junior. SY 2019-2020 will have no junior and senior. And for the year 2020-2021, there will be no seniors. This is what she called the domino effect of the K to 12. She further said that there will be no new scholars for the year 2016 for there will be no freshmen at that time but in case there are still a few freshmen enrollees who are qualified to be scholars, then the school will give them so. She said that scholarships would still be intact and would remain in number. The students in the higher class who are already scholars would still remain as long as they achieve the qualifications. She said that as long as the student meets the qualifications, the school will give them the scholarship.

4.2 ANALYSIS
In this chapter, the researchers then analyzed the data gathered from the interview.
After interviewing the following personnel: Ms. Carolyn C. Quiba (Director of Guidance and Testing Center), Ms. Jennifer D. Tucpi (Registrar) and Ms. Rizalina R. Benico ( Chief Accountant), the researchers had come upon substances apropos to the effects of K to 12 program. The personnel that was interviewed had mentioned probable effects of K to 12 Program that most likely to be shouldered by some mentioned offices or departments of LPU- Manila. On the other hand, feasible countermeasures and supplementary actions had been indicated and discussed along the interview.

A.Effects of K to 12 Program of the Department of Education to: Population of Lyceum of the Philippines- Manila. One consequence of the K to 12 Program to College Universities is the inoccupation of freshmen level in school year 2016-2017 which subsequently has a domino effect on the succeeding years, where there will be no freshmen and sophomores on the next years to come until the June of 2018. Evidently, there is a large decrease of population in LPU- Manila brought about by this reform. As all the interviewed personnel mentioned, there is approximately three thousand (3,000) students comprising all the freshmen out of an estimation of more or less fourteen thousand (14,000) total population in LPU- Manila. Thus, even without consulting or calculating the exact figures, a drastic cut-off of the school population will still be evident in LPU- Manila on the years 2016 to 2017. Academic System and Administration of LPU- Manila. The K to 12 Program definitely offers a new set of curriculumto all schools in thePhilippines. In LPU- Manila some of its effect is highlighted in the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), although other college departments are surely to be affected also. In line with K to 12 Program, some faculty members are required to pass the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) to be able to teach in elementary or high school with the reason brought about by the future absence of freshmen and sophomores -which draw attention to CAS in LPU, because most of its faculty members are teaching general subjects which are usually taken up only by freshmen and sophomores. Moreover, another effect also of K to 12 is the authorization of Private schools to teach Grades 11 and 12 to senior high school because, practically, the government cannot handle alone all the finances and equipment needed by all enrollees. Thus, LPU- Manila is still waiting for any confirmation and updates from the DepEd. Finances of LPU- Manila. Concurrent to the large reduction of population in LPU- Manila is the decrease of its profit. As mentioned above, there is a large portion of freshmen on the whole of the population of LPU- Manila. Therefore, there is also a large decrease of revenue. Corresponding effects also may most likely to emerge such as the effects on its employees and service providers. B.Countermeasures of the Lyceum of the Philippines University- Manila in response to: The decrease of school population. LPU- Manila can hardly wholly patch up the drop of population that is to be incurred by K to 12. However, plans to alleviate the big effect of K to 12 are mentioned such as the opening of new programs in vocational courses as to invite new enrollees in replacement of freshmen or sophomores. LPU is planning to offer long and short term programs in line with K to 12 and also, to serve as an auxiliary action in the reduction of population brought by the absence of freshmen in 2016. Such program mentioned are Occupatinal Therapy and Speech Pathology which will be later on implemented as decided by the LPU administration. New Curriculum. In response to this, LPU will let some of its faculty members to take up 18 units of Master’s degree to be able to let the teachers take up the LET which is required by the existing law. In the CAS, surely some if its faculty members are to be required to take up LET. Furthermore, in the case of the Guidance and Counseling Office, since they are expecting to deal with more mature and older college students in the future, they are planning new techniques to enhance their dealings and treatment among the students especially in the side of Personal and Socio-economic Aspects and Career Guidance. In addition, they are planning to make the Guidance and Counseling Office in line with international standards to be able to cope up with the needs of more mature students. On the other hand, in terms of athletics and other scholarships, nothing was mentioned about probable changes such as any actions that may narrow the qualification of athletes and scholars. Finances. From the information gathered, below are three mentioned countermeasures of LPU- Manila in response to the effects of K to 12 Program to the finances of LPU- Manila: a. Freeze- hiring. It means that LPU- Manila will not be able to hire regular employees for the next years to come depending on what year deadline the LPU administration will set. This will lessen the liabilities and obligation of LPU- Manila towards the future hired workers in terms of finances. Instead of hiring regular employees, LPU may just possibly contract an agency providing such services to cut the costs of hiring regular employees. b. Budgeting System. LPU- Manila implemented this system to lessen the expenses of the annual activities arising from the different college departments and offices of LPU-Manila. It means that, before the school year starts, a budget has already been appropriated. Certain amount of money has already been aligned with the lists of activities that will be held on that school year. Unnecessary expenses will be eliminated or reduced and necessary ones are more prioritized. Furthermore, even if there are financial inequities by the year 2016, the same number of scholarships will still be given to deserving students as well as there will be no cutting of scholarships. c. Opening of long and short term programs. The programs that will be implemented will bring in enrollees. It will be also a source of revenue for LPU-Manila.

4.3. INTERPRETATION
In this chapter, the researchers discussed the data based on the information gathered from the interviewees.
From what was gathered, all three interviewees agree that there will be a significant decrease of population on the school year 2016-2017 when the K to 12 take its effects because the supposed freshmen will be entering senior high school or the grades 11 and 12. The freshmen in LPU-Manila take a huge portion or 25% of the entire populace. So, imagine the decrease of the population by the year 2016. Three thousand students will be taken out of the 13 000 estimated population of LPU-Manila which would also decreased because of the graduating seniors. The graduating seniors will have no replacements because there will be no incoming freshmen. The domino effect which happens in the following years would also affect the population. It means then the school will have to suffer through 5 years of decreased or incomplete population before it goes back to normal of having a great number of population from first year to fourth year.

The international standardization of the Guidance and Counseling Office is deemed necessary to align it to international standards. Since our education is also going international with the implementation of the K to 12 program, it is then necessary for the Guidance and Counseling Office to also go for international standards. Since the school will be dealing with mature students wherein the freshmen age bracket will be 18 and above, the guidance counselors must then be necessarily equipped to accommodate the students.

For the financial effects of the K to 12, the countermeasures are: freeze hiring; budget system and contractual employment. As early as now, the freeze hiring is implemented which means that LPU-Manila is not employing people for permanent work. The old regular employees are then maintained and now new employees for the permanent residency are hired. In case they are hiring, it would be on a contractual basis. This means that the employee will be under contract to work for a specified period of time, say, 6 months at most and after that 6 months, he will no longer work for the school. In case the school needs some work which their regular employees cannot do, the school will avail of the services offered by companies and agencies for a short term period or until the job are done. This method is a practice of frugality for the school to cut its expenses. This is because regular employees could avail of some benefits like the thirteenth month pay. As for contractual employees, they cannot avail of these benefits which make the schools save some money. The services offered by companies and agencies also cost lower than hiring some new employees. This is all a means of cutting back the unnecessary expenses of the school and prioritizing what the school really needs to spend money for.

The budget system also allows the school to keep track of the expenses of the school. This means that the colleges within the university would pass an estimated cost or expenditures for all their activities or events for the school year. The finance would then see if the cost is enough for the budget. If it is, they will approve the budget for those activities and events but if not, they will return it to the college to estimate their cost again or to cut some activities. This budget system will set the money to where it would be allocated. This budget system is done before the school year starts and the budget must be signed by the president first before it is approved.

Teachers are also encouraged to take the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) to meet the requirements of teaching students in high school. This is because being a college professor is not required to pass the LET but is only required to have a master’s degree. If they have a LET, they could teach the students in grades 11 and 12. LPU-Manila could then offer to teach the grades 11 and 12 subjects. But of course, these are first under the approval of the Department of Education. As for the moment, they are waiting for the Department of Education to issue an order or permission for the private school to teach grades 11 and 12. LPU-Manila is also waiting for DepEd to release a curriculum for grades 11 and 12 before they start planning. But surely, once the order and curriculum is out and granted, the school will teach grades 11 and 12.

LPU-Manila also improved its higher education studies by offering courses in occupational therapy and in speech pathology. Since we are expecting a cut down on our students in the undergraduate programs, LPU-Manila will lure in student for the post graduate schools. This will then balance the effect of decreasing population in the undergraduate school because in turn, it will improve the population in the post graduate school. This is called leverage. It will also soften the impact when it comes to financial shortage because with this, the school will have other sources of money. At least the sources will be diverted to the higher education.

CHAPTER V
SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Referring to the result of the gathered data, the researchers had come up with the conclusion that: 1. There is a big varying effect of K to 12 Program to the Lyceum of the Philippines- Manila in terms of its curriculum, population and finances. In terms of the curriculum, there are changes but it cannot be more specific yet since the school is still waiting for the Department of Education to release the conditions for the curriculum like what subjects to be taught. The population will also decrease at the year 2016 where no freshmen are expected to enter. The estimated lost for that year is 3,000. The decrease of population also affects the financial income of the university. The loss of population means that there will be no or little fees collected for the 2016-2017 enrolment. 2. LPU- Manila is definitely aware of the effects of K to 12 and so they have started some of their plans like the course in occupational therapy and speech pathology. Since they are expecting a decrease in their undergraduate programs, they are improving their graduate programs to remedy the situation. In this case, they will have other sources of funds to minimize the impact of the expected shortage of funds. By opening new programs, enrollees are expected to enter. 3. Although LPU-Manila has started some its plans, the administration is still partly immobile in terms of specificities of the curriculum which still yet to be provided by the Department of Education. It means that the implementation of all the programs especially with the curriculum will be dependent with the conditions and orders of the Department of Education. This is because the order that will be released by the DepEd will serve as a basis for the fundamental structure of the curriculum. 4. LPU-Manila is also planning to make its Guidance and Counseling Office align with international standards. As for the moment, the current head is studying the qualifications for an internationally recognized Guidance and Counseling Office like the offices in Canada and the United States. This international standardization is to adapt to the K to 12 system which is also an international standards program 5. LPU- Manila has provided some essential plans and countermeasures to aid the university. Some of these have already been established such as the Budgeting System, the Freeze-Hiring and the opening of long and short term programs. The Budget System helps in cutting the expenses by prioritizing what the university really needs. The freeze-hiring method also helps in minimizing a long-term expense by hiring contractual workers.

The researchers had methodically and accurately interpreted the gathered data and determined their conclusion. Nevertheless, they further recommend to: A. the current students of LPU- Manila to refer to the research paper in order for them to be knowledgeable of the possible changes that will soon occur in the university and also for them to be able to offer due cooperation and adaptation to these changes; B. the future researchers who will indulge in related researches to use this research paper as a primer or for reference; C. the teachers and employees of LPU- Manila to recognize and understand the data provided by this research for them to be aware of the possible direct and indirect effects of K to 12 Program to them so that they can adjust or improve themselves if necessary, and ; D. to the Philippine Government to value the data gathered as one reference among other colleges and universities who may surely be affected also by K to 12 Program.

References:

A. Newspaper Articles
Quismundo, T. (2010, January 22). “Education 2000.” Philippine Daily Inquirer, p.A11

B. Journal Article Entry
Eaton, A. (2009). “Employment in k to 12”. Education, 33(5), 61-75.

Arreglo, J. et.al. (2010). “K to 12 Education”. Filipino’s M, 48(7), 27-32.

C. Electronic Media
Rosero, V. & Fernandez, A. (2012, June 17). Ghost campuses loom for colleges in 2016 when K-12 students enter grade 11.Retrieved August 8, 2012, from http:/ / w w w . g m a n e t w o r k . c o m / n e t w /story/262219/news/nation/ghost-campuses-loom-for-colleges-in-2006-when-k-12-students-enter-grade-11

YouthPinoy (2012, June 25). Private, catholic colleges bracing for enrollment drop due to k-12. Retrieved August 8, 2012 from http://www.voxbikol.com/article/private-colleges-bracing -for-enrollment-drop-due-to-k-12

Hall, R. (2012, May 9). What will k-12 mean for universities in the Philippines? Retrieved August 8, 2012 from http://www.guardian.co.uk./higher-education-network/blog/2012/may/09/k12-education-universities-philippines

Rodrigo (2011, April 19). Tertiary education. Retrieved on August 8, 2012 from h t t p : / / r o d r i g o 7 5 .wordpress.com/2011/04/19/k-12-challenge-to-philippines-tertiary-education

Velasco, P. (2012, March 6). A primer on the new k-12 education curriculum. Retrieved on August 8, 2012 from http://www.smartparenting.com.ph/kids/preschooler/k-12-101-a-primer-on-the-new-philippine-education-curriculum/page/1

Franciso, J. & Cagalingan R. (2012, February 8). A-ok with k-12 education. Retrieved on August 8, 2012 from http://www.asianjournal.com/lifestyle/mango-mix/14795-aok-with-k-12-education.html

Maureen, K. (2012, March 6). A primer on the new k-12 philippine education curriculum. Retrieved on August 8, 2012 from http://www.smartparenting.com.ph/kids/preschooler/k-12-101-a-primer-on-the-new-philippine-education-curriculum/page/1

Deped.gov (2010, November 2). Briefer on the enhanced k to 12 basic education program. Retrieved on August 8, 2012 from http://www.gov.ph/2010/11/02/briefer-on-the-enhanced-k12-basic-education-program/

Thefreedictionary.com (2000). The American heritage dictionary. Retrieved on October 3, 2012 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/planning Brainyquote.com (2001). Brainyquote. Retrieved on October 3, 2012 from http://www.brainyquote.com/words/de/development153653.html Thefreedictionary.com (2000). The American heritage dictionary. Retrived on October 3, 2012 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/countermeasures Thefreedictionary.com (2000). The American heritage dictionary. Retrived on October 3, 2012 from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/counter

September 26, 2012

MS. JENNIFER D. TUCPI
Registrar
Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila

Dear MS. TUCPI:

Greetings!

We are students of IR-256 currently conducting a research entitled “Effects of the K to 12 program of the Department of Education to Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila” in partial fulfillment of the requirements in our subject ENGN12A. Regarding this, we would like to conduct an interview with you regarding the said topic at your most convenient time and place. The information that we will gather from you are highly regarded for the success of our research. For confirmation and other concerns, you may contact the following numbers: 09056735941 and 09276110620.

Thank you and God bless.

Truly yours,

Avril Janna T. Cablinan

Dyan Ashley B. Codamon

Researchers

Noted by: Ms. Joan E. Flores
ENGN12A Instructor

Attached in this letter are some questions we would like to ask you: 1. What are the effects of K to 12 Program to the Lyceum of the Philippines University in terms of School population, Curriculum or Finances? 2. What are the solutions LPU is planning or devising to counter the effects of K to 12? 3. If you have reforms in your office in response to K to 12, what are these? 4. How will the university implement the changes brought about by the K to 12 such as the adjustment of the curriculum? 5. How will K to 12 specifically affect your office?

6. How is the university going to come up with the concerns on finances brought by the inoccupation of freshmen and sophomore levels in the university for 2 years?

APPENDIX A
Answers of Ms. Carolyn C. Quiba to the questions attached in the letter (sent via email) 1. As far as I know, there will be no 1st year enrollees in LPU by 2016. There are about 3,000 freshmen for this academic year so by 2016, if there will be no freshmen enrollees, there will be a significant change in terms of population and finances. 2. LPU offers 18 units of education subjects for its faculty who are interested to take the LET. If there will be faculty members with the necessary license to teach high school students, LPU may be granted a permit to offer education to grades 11 and 12 by Deped. 3. Specific to Guidance and Testing Center, we are expecting a more mature clientele by 2016. By 2018, the age of students is 18 years old and up. This would mean guidance will be dealing with students with complex issues and wide experiences. We can expect more matured, married and working students compared to what we have now. The guidance programs must be responsive to the more diverse and complex concerns of our students. 4. The deans of the colleges who are in-charge of the curriculum are the best persons to ask about this. 5. Remember that K+12 is based on International standards so Guidance should also align its programs and services based on the set standard without forgetting to be culturally sensitive. 6. VPAA and finance officers should be asked regarding this.

Transcript of the Interview with Ms. Carolyn C. Quiba, Head of the Guidance and Counseling Office, LPU-Manila (Interviewers: Avril Janna T. Cablinan and Dyan Ashley B. Codamon) Dyan (D): Ma’am you answered that there would be a significant change in terms of population and finances? Ms. Carolyn C. Quiba (M): Yes so by the year 2016, if our population is 14,000, it would be 11,000 na lang. D: So right now ma’am what is the estimated population in terms of thousand? M:If you really want to know the exact, there’s the registrar’s office, you should ask the registrar’s office. Suppose 14,000 lahat pa rin, 3000 of them estimated again are freshmen. Avril (A): What if there would be some like financial shortages, do you think there will be a probability that it will come to a time that you have to lay off some of the workers in the University? M:Yes, but what they are doing is, they try to build the LET parang ito yung 18 wills sa faculty, so they could qualify to take a LET and then after that if ever (the teacher) gets a good grade to teach the grade 11 and 12 and then that’s the time we can retain them but if not, ah… They have to be laid off ba or they have to be parang find some work. A:So ma’am what is this 18 units per teacher?

M:Kasi parang, like for example in your course, IR, international relations right if you shift to 18 units, you can be qualified to take the LET parang ganun. A: So parang you will teach 18 units, is that it?

M:You will have to take it. You will have to take the 18 units so that they could be qualified before could take the LET. Or they could pass the LET actually. D:So you mean ma’am there are teachers here in Lyceum who didn’t take the let exam? M: Mostly kasi college student so there are they really don’t need to. The required academic qualification to teach college is the Masters degree not the LET so iyong licensure examination for teachers they are required for basic education, elementary and high school only. D:So one of the proposed solutions is that they will teach grades 11 and 12? M: yes, if they will be…

D: If they will be permitted.
M:And if they have enough teachers who are LET passers, who have license to teach. D: So ma’am ahh.. so LPU is not planning to establish a new building or something for grades 11 and 12 or junior high school. M: No, because we do not have a council of our students for the freshmen students here so that whatever , what the least is our resources the freshmen students are using, most likely it would be used nalang for grades 11 and 12, but in LPU-Cavite there are high school students but for LPU manila we don’t have kasi a high school. A:Ma’am another question is, in your office most specifically, you are expecting to deal with more mature students so are you planning to train your guidance councilors or are you planning to employ more efficient guidance councilors? M: Ah ok. I think no. Mostly staff development I think we would deal with issues now that for example for married couple, for married students for example. If we are more matured kasi it would be maturity which is ok, like it can be positive kasi they don’t need to seek talaga and everytime to attend counseling. Siyempre parang by that time, older iyong mga students natin kesa ngayon diba? So here is the accreditation standards for a university college counseling center. So if you could see here. Yung kahapon, I’m reviewing this, we should have more on the individual psychotherapy, psychic intervention and consultations, yung mga ganyan. If you want to have a copy just photo copy ha, ito naman kasi way back 1994, ito nalang yung 2003. D:so ma’am when did you start planning for international standards? M:Last year, actually we’re not yet planning, were just preparing and just reviewing, like sa CITHM they have international accreditation for a thing like the IEC. (Do) you know that? A: I think I’ve read it on the tarp.

M: The interviewer shared parang sociologist and professor in curriculum they really don’t know a lot of our counseling although what they know is that we have to know what are the needs of the students and what are the common problems and the common issues. D: Ma’am I have a question, do all of you here in the guidance office are required to read the paper for international accreditation? M: It was just my initiative as the director of the guidance, usually they will help, for us to… because we are also, here especially in the university, we really comply with the accreditation standards abroad like in Canada or in the States, but at least we would have the basic, a basic credited and program I’m just reviewing it because I’m also preparing for the K to 12, kasi we really have a K to 12 curriculum for guidance so if they will use the same module of k-12 it would be redundant. For example if this action is done already (in) the K to 12, (for example) it is a career development. Ang K to12 kasi, ang international standard ng k-12 is from kinder up to grade 12 you have career guidance or a career activity, like for example in kinder, what do you like,what are your dislikes, what is the job of your father or your parents, your sister, your siblings, ganyan. In grade one yun lang sya, developmental yan, but kung makukuha nila lahat yun, you will just, you will give for college, it will be boring. We should have a new model. Something that will attract the students, which is what I need, what we need kasi halimbawa activity like activities that you do in basic education like in highschool, tapos gagawin mo nanaman in college. D: So ma’am you are preparing for new new plans or module for college guidance center? M: Yes, for college kasi if specifically the chair we are concerned about academically. For example if the K to 12 will be tackling about time management and we tackle again time management, we can also tackle time management but in a different way kasi sabi ko nga, repition nalang iyon. We should focus on career academic, personal, and social and career concerns of the students. These are the three, academic, personal, social and career, magkasama yung personal social kasi di pwedeng ihawalay. D:So ma’am are you talking about some counter measures ? Are you really prepared for the K to 12 as of now? M: Do I tell them about my preparations? Not yet, I have to study more, and to study about accreditation and also the honor to help to the existing policy, so if you have existing policy, we just have, kasi we don’t have to really comply sa finance accreditation we just have to use what are the existing policies, then just enhance it, and then it would be parang we could align it to international accreditation. But we have to have our own culturally sensitive program, at the same time our ideas are different from other students. So ang anu pa ngayon (is) I just started June this year so medyo bago pa. I just entered last June , and what I’m doing now for this year is it should be more on assessment but mind you more about ideas, what are the student’s needs, what are their background, what are their culture, anu bang patok sa kanila , anu bang hindi nila gusto, you know very important iyon before designing kasi this program should be done tapos di naman pala need so mejo ano lang ngayon. Usually what I tell (is) I want to learn first the system. Kasi yung sa guidance office we are more specialized kasi for the emotional, psychological needs of the students, academic career so in the implementation there are operational process so I have to know if like for example ISO. So the accreditation have to really run the program, the existing program first ganun kasi it will be checked by the ISO, accreditation iyan so if we produce new programs tapos we will be non compliance , we will be given non compliance report. . Kasi para yun sa university eh. D:As the head of guidance and testing center knowing that these are some defects of the k-12 in 2016, what steps or solution do you recommend for the school to undertake? M: ahh what you are asking is the university action?

A:in your opinion. Like as an official here.
M:I was just thinking about guidance and testing , kasi theLET kasi the problem there is the teachers who are interested to take the test. A:So you are recommending that to almost all the teachers?

M:It doesn’t mean that kasi we’re trying to force naman the issue or we’re trying to force naman the faculty to do it if they didn’t pass I think to offer more specialized program for college to offer a masters degree rather than a high school. Kasi you know High school for example from a public school. You will just go to a private school who have already high school kasi diba student ka , I’m a student for example public school they don’t have grades 11 and 12 because of lack of budget. There are a lot of private schools to give secondary program so why don’t we have to go to LPU? It is only my opinion. Kasi why don’t have to go to LPU if you’ll just go to a parochial school or a science school diba? Who has already a high form of basic education or secondary education kasi pag college you have to move forward you have to give more, and that’s what I’m doing it now, like for example I learn from the registrar they are offering masters in psychology major in occupational therapy, kasi they have a law now in the states that you will only be given a license in an occupational therapy if you have a masters degree. So you can take it here so if you go to the states you already have the certification parang ganun. A:So parang you are suggesting ma’am na dapat they should parang go more on the advance/ major rather than like go down on some things? M: Oo diba. So it could strengthen the masters degree of that school or we could also do, I think they are doing this eh vocational courses. 2 year courses , associate courses. Because the main reason why the government initiated the k-12 a big percentage of the population somewhat didn’t go to college. So they could get a high school diploma at the age of 18. By 18 they could work kasi nga naman for example you finished high school at 16 you have to wait pa for 2 years to work wala ka talagang makukuha. They would be really under employed. For example you are a student who are already 18 your parents are still the working, you want to immediately work right so usually college education are 4 year, vocational courses are steel worker, if you want to go abroad like to be a mechanic , because that’s what they need abroad steel workers so others take vocational course rather than the grades 11 and 12. D:But we think in the k-12 in our research they will teach also vocational courses for grades 11 and 12 mostly arts, welding and everything. M:parang ano siya the best students can choose between arts, electronics and iyon nga. D: Ah. So, Ma’am, thank you for your time and for the interview. M: Okay, you’re welcome. If you have any questions, you can contact me. You have my number naman ‘di ba? D: Yes Ma’am. We will come back later to return this paper. We will just photocopy it. Thanks. --END--

APPENDIX B
Transcript of the Interview with Ms. Rizalina R. Benico, Chief Accountant, LPU-Manila (Interviewers: Avril Janna T. Cablinan and Dyan Ashley Codamon) Dyan (D): Ma’am, what is the effect of the K to 12 to the financial status of the school? Ms. Rizalina R. Benico (R): “There will be a financial impact (brought) on (by the) K12. On October, on 2016 that supposed to be the first implementation here for K12. Definitely we’ll have no enrolment for freshmen. Normally every year, we enroll or we accept more than 3,000 freshmen. So imagine if we have no enrollees for that school year the financial impact is a quite huge. Not only in thousands probably in millions of peso. And another thing is, in relation to that, if only, not only LPU but also our faculty members. Generally the, specifically the College of Arts and Sciences because all freshman are under them. So lyceum will not only be the one to be affected but also the teacher as well.

Avril (A): Ma’am are we expecting a drastic cut off of employees? R: Up to now we are already implementing a not really a drastic but slowly, not actually immediately.

D: So Ma’am parang you started already countering the effects of k t o12 on finance at this enrolment? R: Yes.

A: So ma’am can we assume then that the freshmen enrolment contributed to a large portion of the financial status of lyceum?” “Yes. For example if we have a 13,000 total enrollees, from first year to fourth year. So the 3,000 are freshmen. For example we have 13,000 students and parts of that is first year students. So there’s a 25 percent

D: So ma’am aside from cutting of some of the employees how do you cope up with the financial concerns?” R: We have implemented the budgeting system.”

A: Ma’am can you please elaborate more of the budgeting… R: Before kasi we don’t have any budgeting system, as the least arises, as they come and go. Meaning every unit or college is required to have their own activities in once a year, that was we align through their operated fund , what are the operations of the colleges of the unit, it must be aligned to the mission and vision of the school. So there must be a list of activities to be conducted during the school year. So each activities is accompanied by a specific budget. So everytime they will implement your activities you already have the budget. So if they will request for a budget which is more than which was has been approved, denied.” D: Ma’am, what are some other plans you have to counter the effects? R: Right now, we have the freeze hiring of employees. It means that we don’t employ permanent employees today. Either we employ the services of companies or agencies or we hire them on a contractual basis like for 6 months. D: Do you plan to cut off some of the budget of the athletic scholars? R: Well, the appropriation of funds is dependent to the priority of the activity. As of now, we have allocated a budget for the athletes because right now we are joining the NCAA. All the activities and events of all the colleges have a budget allocated for.

A: Ma’am are we allowed to look at the budget of the school? R: Actually, I don’t know if I could give it to you but the budget for this school year is already in the office of the president for approval.

D: So ma’am the president didn’t approve yet the budget you have made for this school year? R: Not yet. But it was already made before the start of the school year.

D: Okay ma’am. We have no more further questions. Thank you. R: Welcome
--END--
APPENDIX C
Transcript of the Interview with Ms. Jennifer D. Tucpi- Registrar, LPU- Manila (Interviewers: Avril Janna T. Cablinan and Dyan Ashley B. Codamon) Dyan (D): What do you think is the effect of K to 12 programto LPU- Manila especially in its population? Ms. Jennifer (J): in the population, definitely, it will decrease because by 2016 to 2017, there will be no freshmen and on 2017 to 2018, there will be no first years and second years and 2017 to 2018, we have no third years, then 2018 to 2019, we have no third year and fourth year… and also, in finances, it will also be definitely be affected. Kasiimagine, almost have of your population is [absent]. Avril (A): Ma’am, how about the scholarship grants of LPU, will it be affected? J: Well, we haven’t talked about it yet but definitely, we will still maintain the scholarship- whatever scholarship there are. Mababawasan din! Kasi di ba, we will have no first year and second year. But, whoever is a first year or a second year who will move on to third year and fourth year, if they meet the grade requirement for scholarship, definitely, scholar pa rinsiya! A:(nodded) ma’am, the Chief accountant’s office told us that you will offer short and long programs and grades 11 to 12, how’s that ma’am? J:Not definite yet. You know why? Because even DepEd and Ched are not very definite… of course we are depending on DepEd because they will provide the guidelines and there’s even no guidelines yet. DepEd was only able to provide the curriculum only for Grade 7, kinder and preschool. Yah, the DepEd, said that Grade 11 and 12 will purely be on vocational courses, but what? Like there is this tech-voc tract, business tract, but what are those specifically? So, we cannot move. Parangwe’re just waiting until now. D: But if they will be able to provide the curriculum then definitely ma’am, they will give it? J: Yes. Of course. And there’s even this plan that LPU will become a service provider. Meaning, some of the teachers here will teach grade 11 and 12 in public schools or in another private school. But that a probability, because, not all public schools will absorb all the students who will enroll to grade 11 and 12. A: ma’am, in connection to that, what are the probable programs that you will offer if ever you offer it grades 11 and 12? J: Honestly, we have not yet met about that. But, surely we will offer short term courses whether they are aligned to Grades 11 and 12 or not as long as they could get pass the certification…because that’s the only way we can supplement or partly patch up the absence of enrollees. D: (nodded) But ma’am, what is this LET that are required to some of the teachers? J: Yah, there’s this LET program for teachers where in, the existing law is that, before you can teach in high school or elementary, teachers should have been able to pass this Licencure Examination. Since some of the teachers here only have Master’s degree, then they are not qualified to teach in High School and elementary unless they pass LET. Although, DepEd is saying that it they can be qualified without taking up LET as long as there’s equivalency, but nothing is definite yet. So might as well, they can take up 18 education units in the master’s level, so they can take up LET, to prepare them to whatever eventuality that may occur. D: Ma’am, in the freeze-hiring ma’am, until when is this implemented? J: Of course we will have this freeze- hiring, but we don’t know yet until when is it implemented. But we have already started it this semester... and… there’s no specific instruction whether to, you know, let go of some employees, meaning the existing ones, because I have people who are with me now, but they are contractual, and if their contracts end at a period of time, will their contract be not renewed? That’s not yet official. Wala pa namanginstructions. A: So, how will your office be specifically be affected?

J: Well, definitely all offices be affected, and in my office…well, there will be less work. (laughs) Yes, because there will be lesser students. But on scholarships, definitely, there willbe no changes. D:How is the university going to come up with the concerns on finances brought by the inoccupation of freshmen and sophomore levels in the university for 2 years?

J: on finances, yes, we will cut down some of the expenses that are not

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