NOTES
•James Madison was very involved in the Revolutionary War during the ratification of the Constitution. He and Alexander Hamilton wrote most of the Federalist papers. “The Federalist (also known as the "Federalist Papers") is a collection of eighty-five essays on the U.S. Constitution written under the pseudonym Publius by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. Madison and Hamilton eventually wrote all but five of the essays, which appeared serially in New York City newspapers between October 1787 and August 1788. They were also published in book form in 1788.”

•He was considered the father of the Constitution. He was more involved in the Constitution Convention that any other individual. Madison made his mark on U.S. history as the main author of the Constitution prior to his years as president. Madison's main contributions were as a philosopher of representative democracy. He involved himself in revolutionary politics on the state level in Virginia. As delegate to the Virginia Convention in 1776, Madison served on a committee to draw up a declaration of rights and a state constitution. After the Virginia Convention adopted the proposed constitution, the delegates declared independence from Britain.

•Madison was very into the United States government. He cared about it’s well being and also about it’s citizens. He helped to draft the Bill of Rights, to protect individual citizens from government coercion. While serving in the House of Representatives, Madison helped to author the Bill of Rights. Madison's version included 19 different items, and in 1791 the states approved 10 of them. These became the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. These amendments protected individual liberties, such as the right to speak freely.

•James Madison was the fourth President of the United States. As president, Madison led the nation through the controversial War of 1812 with Great Britain. Although little was gained by the War of 1812, the

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