Infant Neurosensory Development: Brain Development in Infants

Topics: Hippocampus, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 2 (287 words) Published: April 17, 2014
Infant Neurosensory Development

Brain Development In Infants
Trident Technical College
September 11, 2013

In the article, Infant Neurosensory Development: Considerations for Infant Child Care, The internal and external environments affect the development of physical and neural structures that guide visual, auditory, chemosensory, somatosensory, and limbic system functions. These systems both contribute and respond to cognitive development, including memory (Fields2005). This article elaborates on ways to help stimulate the infant’s brain for optimal brain growth and development. One of the ways included making sure the infant got ample REM sleep. Genes also play an important role in the brain development. When babies are exposed to such toxins as smoke and alcohol it deprives the brain and can alter the developmental process. Four contextual elements assist understanding of infant development: genetics, environment, stimulation, and relationships. I found it interesting that “Socialization also plays a critical role in development, even before birth. The circuitry of the brain is developed through stimulation presented with adequate intensity, repetition, and duration to create and amplify the neural connections which are stored in short-term and, eventually, in long-term memory. Learning occurs through successive memories which arise from the connections between neurons that have been strengthened by repeated stimulation (Fields 2005). P176”.

I liked this article because it broke everything down into different categories of brain development and it relates to what we have been studying in relation to theorist. “The Brain combines concepts from two major theorists. Vygotsky (1978) claimed that 90% of learning occurs from the influence of the ‘‘proximal environment’’ which encompasses approximately a five foot circumference around the infant. Bronfenbrenner (1989) stressed that to develop optimally, each child must develop...
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