Week 5 Imperialism Questions
Even though most of Latin America became independent of European colonial rule in the 19c, what were some of the cultural influences and other ties that still existed between the two continents? Between 1810 and 1825, all the Spanish territories on the American mainland gain their sovereignty from Spain. Simultaneously, the power of the Catholic Church diminishes, including its patronage of the visual arts. During these war-torn years, cultural production declines. These years witness political reform and the beginnings of self-fashioned societies. Caudillos or military dictators initially fill the vacuum left by the break-up of colonial rule, including Juan Manuel de Rosas (1793–1877) in Argentina, Francisco Solano López (1827–1870) in Paraguay, and Juan José Flores (1800–1864) in Ecuador. Economically, there is a slow adaptation to the world economy. A growing awareness of the continent's enormous natural riches and economic potential lead technological development and an intense nationalism. 2.
How did Mohammed Ali attempt to modernize Egypt on the European model? How successful was he? Muhammad Ali’s goal was to establish a powerful, European-style state. To do that, he had to reorganize Egyptian society, streamline the economy, train a professional bureaucracy, and build a modern military. His first task was to secure a revenue stream for Egypt. To accomplish this, Muhammad Ali ‘nationalized’ all the land of Egypt, thereby officially owning all the production of the land. He accomplished the state annexation of property by raising taxes on the ‘tax-farmers’ who had previously owned the land throughout Egypt. He was not very successful because The new taxes were intentionally high and when the tax-farmers could not extract the demanded payments from the peasants who worked the land, Muhammad Ali confiscated their properties, and they eventually would revolt just as the Europeans previously had. 3.
What were the major motivations for European engagements/entanglements in the non-Western world during the "New Age of European Imperialism" [mid-19c to mid-20c]? the imperialist policies of European nations in the 19th century were not driven simply by a desire to be powerful and hold land, but by a combination of a wide range of forces. the Industrial Revolutions that swept across Europe in the 19th century was a major factor in the acceleration of European imperialism. industries required vast quantities of imported raw materials that could not be grown or produced in Europe. The opportunity to increase trading opportunities also motivated imperialist ambitions in the 19th century. European nations sought to open up new trade routes that gave them places to sell their goods. in the 19th century, however, the hunt for new markets speeded up as the mass-manufacture of new goods increased.as well as competition for trade and other economic factors, the European nations were motivated by competition for power. the United Kingdom and France, both leading imperial powers, had fought over control of India and North America. the UK had also come into conflict with Spain over trading rights in South America. in the 19th century, the European powers extended their influence whenever the opportunity to do so presented itself. 4.
Why did so many Middle Eastern, Asian, and African rulers "succumb" to European domination? The Europeans had large advantages over opposition in Africa. Weapons (Cannons, Rifles, and Gattling Guns)Tactics (They easily defeated African Tribes who's only Tactic was charging over the enemy) Official Armies (The Europeans had Highly Trained Combat Soldiers who were completely prepared to fight at little notice)Unity (Although Europeans were far from one country they had come to an agreement which kept them from fighting amongst themselves) and the other countries were not as powerful as them and did not want to be destroyed. 5.
What was the result of the Sepoy Mutiny in...
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