7 October 2013
Synthesis Over Obedience
In this chapter on the research of obedience, studying the psychological actions and reactions, the implications brought forth are the surprising effects of simple commands and the subliminal influence. The articles “The Perils of Obedience”, by Stanley Milgram, and “Opinions and Social Pressure”, by Solomon E. Asch, both exhibit the traits of simple, ordinary test subjects following orders and actions by someone who is illustrated to have power or the general consensus but realistically do not.
In the article, “The Perils of Obedience” by Stanley Milgram, the experiment consist of two subjects, the ‘teacher’ and the ‘learner’ but without the other subject knowing, the other is an actor. In the beginning deciding who would be the learner and who would be the teacher, the actor always got the learner and the real test subject got the teacher (Milgram 78). If the learner got a question wrong, he would get an electric shock, but he would fake the pain to trick the teacher into believing that he or she is inflicting pain. The purpose of the experiment was to determine how long the subject would continue with the simple order to “continue please” and administer the fake electric shock knowingly causing pain to the actor (Milgram 82). In the other article, “Opinions and Social Pressure” by Solomon E. Asch, this experiment studies the subliminal effects of the popular consensus. Within the test, a group of subjects, where only one of them was the actual test subject, tested to see if the test subject would cave into peer pressure choosing to go with the popular consensus and pick a wrong answer (Asch 144). The subjects in the experiment would be the last ones to openly state their opinion on a series of questions to pick out of a group of lines on a card to determine which one is the longest. On several occasions, the popular consensus was told to choose an incorrect line and the last subject to answer, who is the real...
Cited: Asch, Solomon E. “Opinions and Social Pressure” WRAC 2nd ed. Christine Farris and Deanna Jessup
Compilers. Boston: Pearson, 2013. 143-147. Print.
Milgram, Stanley. “The Perils of Obedience”, WRAC 2nd ed. Christine Farris and Deanna Jessup
Compilers. Boston: Pearson, 2013. 77-89 Print.
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