...What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infects cells of the immune system.
Infection results in the progressive deterioration of the immune
system, breaking down the body's ability to fend off infections and
diseases. AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) refers to the
most advanced stages of HIV infection, defined by the occurrence of
any of more than 20 opportunistic infections or related cancers. 34
million people live with HIV/AIDS world-wide. The vast majority are in
low- and middle-income countries. An estimated 2.7 million people were
newly infected with the virus in 2010. Almost 1100 children become
newly infected with HIV each day (who.int), infection rates as high as
25% in southern and eastern Africa. In 2006 the HIV prevalence rate
among pregnant women in South Africa was 29.1 (avert.org). HIV/AIDS
is one of the worlds most growing problem is now starting to become a
pan-epidemic. AIDS death toll in Africa may reach 90–100 million by
2025 (United Nations). The number of people living with HIV grew
around 8 million in 1990 to 34 million by the end of 2010 only 10 year
increase. Sub-Saharan Africa has an estimated 22.9 million adults and
children living with HIV/AIDS vs. Oceania and Western & Central...
HIV and AIDS
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the Auto Immune Deficiency Disease (AIDS) are one of the leading killers around the world. Statistics provided by the Joint United Nations Program approximate that over 33 million people have been infected with HIV and AIDS. Of those 33 million, 1.1 million of those carriers are in the United States and even more shockingly, a fifth of those carriers are unaware that they have been infected. The World Health Organization estimated that annually, 2.7 million individuals contract the virus and 2 million die from the diseases.
There is a common misconception between HIV and AIDS. Because the two diseases are usually grouped together when discussed, many believe that they are one and the same. However, the most significant difference between the two is that HIV attacks and lowers the immune defense of the organs while AIDS attacks the immune system’s cells. In addition, HIV usually gives way to AIDS. However, there are many HIV carriers who can go their whole lives without developing AIDS by undergoing intense and continuous treatment. In order to be diagnosed with AIDS, one has to meet a certain criteria. According to the Mayo Clinic, patients who contract HIV first have flu like...
...What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
It is one of a group of viruses known as retroviruses. After getting into the body, the virus kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. The body tries to keep up by making new cells or trying to contain the virus, but eventually the HIV wins out and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. This eventually leads to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) when the virus has destroyed so much of the body's defences that immune-cell counts fall to critical levels or certain life-threatening infections or cancers develop.
Why HIV/AIDS is considered one of the most lethal diseases?
HIV infection has now spread to every country in the world. Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 70 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and about 35 million people have died of AIDS. Statistics show that approximately 40 million people are currently living with HIV infection, and an estimated 25 million have died from this disease. Every day nearly 7,000 people contract HIV—nearly 300 every hour. Hence, HIV/AIDS is now a pandemic.
Pros of Science in treating HIV/AIDS
1. The distinctive characteristic of HIV is that it...
The arrival of the AIDS epidemic in the 20th Century, brought with it fear, superstition and prejudice. This disease is not the first one where society has imposed social stigmas, political agendas and outright pandemonium. Misunderstandings of other diseases like the bubonic plague, small pox and the Spanish flu also have caused hysteria among populations around the world, but the main difference between these epidemics and that of AIDS/HIV is that AIDS is a modern epidemic staged in a new world of influential media outlets, politics and new social stigmas (Stank 2) .
In order to combat the societal misunderstandings of AIDS/HIV, one must understand the disease itself. When referring to AIDS/HIV, one is actually talking about two different parts of the same disease. AIDS (Auto Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the main disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (CDC 4). AIDS attacks the immune system of people causing their immune systems to revolt against their bodies killing off their "good" cells. With this self-annihilation comes the opportunity for other infectious diseases to take root in the victim. Some of these other infections include but are not limited to: the flu, tuberculosis, herpes, staph...
...main ways the HIV can be spread:
1. Sexual intercourse
2. Intravenous drugs
3. Blood transfusions (which are very rare now because all blood is tested)
HIV is spreading like wild fire among adolescents because they don't believe it can happen to them.
Prevention for positives is only possible if a person knows his or her HIV status. Voluntary counseling and testing strategies (VCT), a cornerstone of HIVprevention, has generally been seen as a first defense against the spread of HIV disease, with the idea that a negative serological test, combined with prevention information, would inspire harm reduction. Recognizing the critical role of knowledge of status, many governments and organizations have recently moved to "opt-out testing" . Others have championed the implementation of universal routinized testing.
THE ABC APPROACH TO PREVENTION
Since the late 1980s it has been known that individuals can take action to either reduce or avoid altogether the risk of becoming infected with HIV through sexual transmission.
The risk can be avoided altogether by avoiding any sexual activities that could cause transmission of HIV (i.e. Abstain).
The risk can also be reduced, through avoiding sexual intercourse other than with a mutually faithful uninfected partner (i.e. Be faithful) or through the correct and...
...Policy Brief: HIV/AIDSPrevention Among Adolescents in South Africa
Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place. Abstinence is not a viable method of HIV/AIDSprevention within the social, political, and economic context of South Africa.
A more appropriate strategy would be a comprehensive program aimed at the de-stigmatization and prevention of the disease. A campaign promoting the use of condoms in all sexual encounters, backed by education and the expansion of HIV care and prevention services, and accompanied by policies addressing destructive economic conditions and gender inequality would be the most effective strategy. Countries such as Uganda and Senegal have had success when taking a direct approach to HIVprevention, we should follow their example and confront the epidemic on...
...HIV AND AIDS
AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - was originally defined empirically by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) as “the presence of a reliably diagnosed disease that is at least moderately indicative of an underlying defect in cell-mediated immunity.” Following the recognition of the causative virus, HIV, and the development of the sensitive and specific tests for HIV infection, the definition of AIDS has undergone substantial revision. The current surveillance definition categorizes HIV-infected persons on the basis of clinical conditions associated with HIV infection and CD4+T lymphocyte counts.
AIDS is caused by the infection with the human retroviruses HIV-1 or HIV-2. HIV-1 is the most common cause worldwide; HIV-2 has about 405 sequence homology with HIV-1, is more closely related to simian immunodeficiency viruses, and has been identified predominantly in western Africa. HIV-2 infection has now, however, been reported in europe, south america, canada, and the united states. These viruses are passed through sexual contact; through contact with blood, blood products, or contaminated intravenous needles; intrapartum or perinatally from mother to infant; or via breast milk. Ther e is no...
HIV/AIDS in Haiti
HIV/AIDS is spreading rapidly through Haiti, they have the highest cases, and due to poverty they will continue to be on the large scale. This is one of the Global Social problems brought up in Poto Mitan. According to the dictionary.com AIDS is defined as “a disease of the immune system characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, as pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and, to certain cancers, as Kaposi's sarcoma,and to neurological disorders: caused by a retrovirus and transmitted chiefly through blood or blood products that enter the body's bloodstream, especially by sexual contact or contaminated hypodermic needles.” They define HIV as ”human immunodeficiency virus; the cause of AIDS. Two strains have been identified: HIV-1 and HIV-2.”
People living in poverty suffer from these killer diseases. This social problem correlates with violence, poverty, and inequality. They are not able to receive proper care because they can not afford it. They can not afford health care because it is not easy getting a job. Haitian people are living in poverty.This forbids them from getting an education about sex and how to prevent these horrifying diseases. It brings upon violence women are being victims of rape, along with it they are given AIDS/HIV. Haitians living in poverty have a hard...