Memorize: GA NB TH ST L
Treaty of Germain 1919 (with Austria)
Recognized the spilt of 1918 AH. Austria wanted to be treated as a new state rather than successor of AH, this was denied war guilt still had to be paid, reparations, limit of 30,000 forces. Old AH empire areas rewarded to Italy disputes. Italy received what they had been promised in Treaty of London 1915, South Tyrol, Istria, and the Trentino. Romania got Bukovina. Galicia went to Poland. Dalmatia and Bosnia-Herzegovinia to Yugoslavia. Bohemia and Moraia went to Czechoslovakia. Austria’s population from 22mil. To 6.5 mil. Vienna disproportionally big and lost industrial areas. One-third of G speaking AH population not part of A.
The Treaty of Neuilly (Bulgaria) 1919
B had to pay reparations, army limited to 20,000. Lost its Aegean coastline. Greece Western Thrace, Dobrudja Romania, and Northern Macedonia Yugoslavia.
Treaty of Trianon (Hungary) 20
Treated as successor, limit of men 35,000. Large amount of land. Burgenland to Austria. Transylvenia to Romania. Croatia and Slovenia to Yoguslavia. Slovaki and Ruthenia to Cezchoslovkia. From 21 mil to 7.5 mil. Many Mayar-speaking to other countries + lost most of its raw materials. In 20s and 30s foreign policy dominated by desire to reverse the treaty and re-united Mayar-speaking –signed treaty w. Mussolini in 27. Its neighbors however signed treaty (R+ Cezh+Yugo) with Little Entente in (20-21) fear of Hungary.
Treaty of Sevres (Turkey)20
Dardanelles placed under International Commission and permanently open to international shipping. Lost rights to Sudan and Libya. Saudi Arabia became independent. Syria, Iraq and Palestine L ON mandates and administered by B and F. Greece received Turkish Aegean Islands+ Eastern Thrace. Kurdistan autonomous, Armenia independent.
T of Lausanne (23)
Altered parts of Sevres