History of Batangas

Topics: Batangas, Luzon, Philippines Pages: 6 (1159 words) Published: July 18, 2013
Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the Calabarzon region. Its capital is Batangas City and it is bordered by the provinces of Cavite and Laguna to the north and Quezon to the east. Across the Verde Island Passages to the south is the island of Mindoro and to the west lies the South China Sea.

Map of Batangas, Philippines

Founded on March 10, 1917, with a population of approximately 1,905,348, Batangas is one of the most popular tourist destinations near Metropolitan Manila. The province has many beaches and famous for excellent diving spots only a few hours away from Manila. Some of the more notable ones are Anilao in the Municipality of Mabini, Matabungkay in the Municipality of Lian Punta Fuego, Calatagan and Laiya in the Municipality of San Juan.

Found in the province is world-known Anilao (Mabini) and its many dive sites that are ideal for observing marine life, and outstanding for macro photography. Located only 110 kilometers south of Metropolitan Manila, it is very accessible by land or by sea.

Batangas is also where Taal Volcano, one of the Decade Volcanoes is located. The volcano has a water-filled crater and sits on an island in the center of Taal Lake, which geologists believe is an ancient caldera.

The town of Taal is famous for its hand embroideries, knives, and sausages; and it reigns as one of the two most culturally preserved sites of the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines.

Before the province came to be called Batangas, it was known in ancient times as the town of Bonbon. When it's Capital Town was declared to be Taal, the province also changed its name to Taal. After some time, the Capital was transferred to the Town of Batangan, later Batangas City, and the Province changed its name once more after the Capital.

The term batangan means a raft, the people used so that they could fish in the nearby Taal Lake.

People and culture

The Province of Batangas is most famous for their production and market of the 'Balisong' or Filipino Butterfly knife.

Batangas is the 'Heart of the Tagalog Language' as the dialect of Tagalog spoken here closely resembles the Tagalog spoken before the arrival of the Spanish.

Linguistically Batangueños are also known for their unique affectation of often placing the particles e or ga (equivalent of particle ba Filipino), usually as a marker of stress on the sentence, at the end of their spoken sentences or speech; for example: "Ay, oo, e!" ("Aye, yes, indeed!"). Some even prolong the particle 'e' into 'ala e', though it really has no meaning in itself.

Religion also plays an important part in the daily lives of Batangueños, as it is home to the Archdioces of Lipa, one of the most powerful centres of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines.

According to historians and musicologists, Batangas is also the home of the Kumintang, an ancient Filipino war song, later evolved to be the Kundiman, the paramount of Filipino Art Songs. Aside from the Kundiman, the province is also the origin of the lively Balitao or Balitaw (though the province of Cebu may argue) and the worship dance Subli.

As music forms an integral part of Batangas history, Batangueños are frequently heard singing the Huluna (a Tagalog lullabby, so taxing because of its lengthy mellismas), the Duplo and Karagatan (a debate made by singing), the Pasyon (a narrative of the passion and death of Jesus Christ) and many other song forms.

Cities

* Batangas City
* Lipa City
* Tanauan City

Municipalities

* Agoncillo
* Alangilan
* Alitagtag
* Balayan
* Balagtas
* Banaba Center
* Banaba East
* Banaba South
* Banaba West
* Balete
* Bauan
* Calaca
* Calatagan
* Catandala
* Cuenca
* Kumintang Ilaya
* Kumintang Ibaba
* Ibaan
* Laurel
* Lemery
* Lian
* Libjo
* Lobo
* Mabini...
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