Federalism is a form of government whose power is shared between its units. Dividing the power mean each unit has some form of jurisdiction and independence. In fact, federalism is all about the relationship between local, state, and federal government. Also, we have various types of governments around the world. Unitary is a form of government that rules by one individual leader. In Confederalism, the power is mostly given to the states or subunits. The United Nations is an example of a confederal government. Federalism in the United States divides the power between national and state government. Over the years, there have been many disputes among citizens and government representatives on how to divide these powers. For example, national government has the authorities to print money or to declare war where as the state governments can establish local governments and can conduct elections. The United States has seen different types of federalism over the past 150 years. In the middle of the 19th century, Chief Justice Roger Taney favored dual federalism. Dual federalism states that national and state government has distinct powers. This model was described as layer cake federalism, which eventually led to the Civil War and the Fourteenth Amendment. In the late 1930’s, cooperative or marble cake federalism was introduced which stated a type of government where national and state government work together to provide services more efficiently for its citizens. Later in the 1960s, authorities decided that picket fence federalism is a better model to describe cooperative federalism, because the horizontal boards represent the levels of government that connect the different policy areas (pickets). Today, federalism is a more complex topic, and many discussions about national government and its overgrowing powers over the state governments. Different forms of federalism have developed such as fiscal federalism, which relates to funding the local...
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