hist 105 notes

Topics: Slavery, Slavery in the United States, Atlantic slave trade Pages: 27 (2084 words) Published: March 2, 2014
Centers and Peripheries

George Bancroft- Not officially a historian
Charles Austin Beard- Officially historian

Bancroft: Philosophical ideals
Beard: Economic Determinism

Sources-
Primary(he looks into documents(constitution)) ,
Secondary(Books he wrote about),
All suspicious (victims to their own prejudice)

Fredrick Jackson Turner
“The aim of history, then , is to know the elements of the present by understanding

Analysis (SPEC)
Social
Political
Economic
Cultural
Social Analysis
Race
Class
Gender

Centers and Peripheries
A tool for understanding Empire
Concepts of center and peripheries

Requirements of Empire
Manage
Support
Defend

Mercantilism
Export excess production
Import hard currency
Fund standing military forces

For our purposes
Center (Europe)
Periphery (America)
Colonial Centers
Frontier

Where Did Decisions Originate?
Center (Strategic)
Periphery (Pragmatic)

SPEC Framework on the Periphery
Integrate with indigenous infrastructure
Vs.
Create a new infrastructure

Center-Periphery Characteristics
Geographic Dilution
Situational Variation
Negotiated Terms

America is a nation that
Americans are a people who

Ancient Greeks
Blasphemy of the gods
Murder of kindred
247pearsoned.custhelp.com
77843
myhistorylab.com

Africans and Europeans Encounter the Americas

American Indigenous Peoples
Too cold in north
They go South and East

On the other side of the Atlantic

Africa
Empires in West and Central Africa
Sophisticated agriculture
Spread of Islam
Monotheist
Proselytic

Religion’s Influence
Reconquista (Spain, 1492)
Protestant Reformation (1517)

Technical Advances
Ship designs
Sail designs
Navigation instruments
Mapmaking

Who Went?
Traders
Missionaries
Businessmen
Adventures
Settlers

Motivation
God (live better life, go to heaven)
Columbus was motivated by it
Gold
Glory

The Portuguese
South around Africa
Eastward to India and China
Modern-day Indonesia

Sphere of Influence

Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Portugal
Spain
Alexander VI

Spain

Christopher Columbus

The Spanish Arrive
Spanish captured Tainos
Slave trade begins (west to east)
First enslaved Africans (east to west)

Conquistadors
1521- Cortes conquers Aztecs
1533- Pizarro conquers Incas
Horses
Firearms (technologically advance)
Native allies or internal strife
Smallpox

Transoceanic Commerce
Eastward
Gold
Silver
Sugar
Westward
Slave
Colonizers
Finished goods

Europeans’ Conquest
Immunity
Domestic animal vectors
Harsh treatment
Typical of the time
Video
After the Mayflower
In class Monday and Wednesday
Access viewing guide in eCampus
Mediamatrix.tamu.edu

What is sphere of influence(Exam Question)

Conquistadors
1521- Cortes conquers Aztecs
1533- Pizarro conquers Incas

Bartolome de las Casas
1484-1566 (DON’T MEMORIZE DATES)
Encomendero (encomienda)
Spanish historian, social reformer
Dominican friar

Columbian Exchange
Small Pox
Wheat
Oranges
Cattle
Horses
Pigs weeds
Syphilis
Maize
Pineapples
Beans
Tomatoes
Llamas
Turkeys

Silver
Bolivia
Mexico
Inflation
Emigration

Spain in the Southwest
Missions
Franciscans
Livestock
Procedure
An uneasy Catholicism

Sugar
Portuguese
Madeira
Brazil
Santo Domingo
The islands Northwest of African coast (Answer to test question, good place to grow sugar)

Growth of the Slave Trade
Portuguese, Dutch, English
Sugar production
Wars solely to capture slaves

Crossing the Atlantic
Four to eight weeks
One in seven died
Destination: lifelong bondage

England: Late to the Party

England vs. Spain

Protestantism vs. Catholicism
English support of the Dutch (1585)
Armada (1588)

Conditions in England
Changes in agriculture
Religious persecution

Religions influence
Reconquista (Spain 1492)
Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther (1517)
Calvinism (1550s)...
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