High Blood Pressure Essay Example

Pages: 4 (845 words) Published: July 14, 2012
High blood pressure or hypertension meaning high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Arteries are vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all the tissues and organs of the body. Normal Blood Pressure is below 120/80; blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is consider pre-hypertension, and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high. The systolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and pumps blood forward into the arteries. The diastolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes after the contraction. Body:

Pregnant women with high blood pressure have healthy babies without serious problems; high blood pressure can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complication during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure. But in some cases women develop high blood pressure while pregnant this is called Gestational Hypertension. The effect of high blood pressure range from mild to severe. High blood pressure can harm the mother’s kidneys and other organs, and it can cause fetal complication, which include low birth weight, premature birth, and still birth. In the most serious cases, the mother develops preeclampsia or toxemia of pregnancy which can threaten the lives of both the mother and the fetus. Preeclampsia is a condition that can often start after the 20th week of pregnancy and if you already have high blood pressure it may begin before the 20th week of pregnancy if you don’t have proper care. This is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother’s urine (as a result of kidney problems).

Who is more likely to develop Preeclampsia?
* Women with chronic hypertension (high blood pressure before becoming pregnant). * Women who developed high blood pressure or preeclampsia during a previous pregnancy, especially if these conditions occurred early...
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