Heritage Tourism

Topics: Tourism, Heritage tourism, World Tourism Organization Pages: 12 (1686 words) Published: June 9, 2013
14/11/2011

HERITAGE TOURISM & MUSEUM MANAGEMENT
LESSON 2: TOURISM, HERITAGE & HERITAGE TOURISM (1st PART)
Dr Christina Bonarou bonarou@gmail.com Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Greece Department of Tourism Management

Definitions of tourism
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All travel is not tourism.  “Tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.” 

(World Tourism Organization/WTO)
Heritage Tourism & Museum Management 2011-2012 / Lesson 2

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Criteria in order to characterize a trip as belonging to tourism: 3



Displacement outside the usual environment: domestic or international travel. Type of purpose: the travel must occur for any purpose different from wage-earning in the place visited.  



Tourism is not restricted to recreation or visiting friends & family Multi-motivational tourists



Duration: maximal duration (12 months), not a minimal. Tourism displacement can be with or without an overnight stay.  

Overnight visitors (tourists) Same-day visitors (excursionist)

Heritage Tourism & Museum Management 2011-2012 / Lesson 2

Definitions of tourism (1)
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“The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.” (Mathieson and Wall,1982)

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Definitions of tourism (2)
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“Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home.” (Northern Arizona University, Parks & Recreation Mgmt. Introduction - Online Lesson http://www.prm.nau.edu/prm300)

Heritage Tourism & Museum Management 2011-2012 / Lesson 2

Definitions of tourism (3)
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“The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors.” (Macintosh and Goeldner,1986)

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Why is tourism important?
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 

A vital source of income for many countries. Tourism generates income through  the

consumption of goods and services by tourists,  the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry &  the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. 

An important factor to promote mutual understanding among people & expand social, economic, cultural and scientific cooperation.

Heritage Tourism & Museum Management 2011-2012 / Lesson 2

Tourism statistics
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(Holden, 2006)

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Tourism statistics
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Tourism trends
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people are becoming more experienced in travelling and “careful” in their choice of destination, leading them to search for new places and new tourism products;



they are more mobile - cross border travel is easier than ever thanks to the liberalisation of the airlines, construction of new roads and European integration; they are taking shorter but more frequent holidays throughout the year; they are more active whilst on holiday, seeking out different activities; the European population is getting older but staying active longer; and finally people are increasingly concerned about the environment. (European Commission 2002)

...

References: Dr Christina Bonarou E-mail: bonarou@gmail.com Office 2, Tel. 2310 013562 Office hours: Wednesday, 10.30-12.30
Heritage Tourism & Museum Management 2011-2012 / Lesson 2
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