P3; Explain possible influences on dietary intake
M2; Assess how influences on dietary intake may affect the nutritional health of individuals
For P3 I am going to explain possible influences that may affect dietary intake, I will make reference to an anorexic with the text in blue. Food is needed for life, peoples dietary intake is influenced by different factors which can include; health factors, dietary habits, lifestyle, economic influences, socio-cultural influences, education, and social policies. Health factors
There are various different health conditions which can have an influence on the dietary intake for different people. For example diabetes, diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot produce any or enough insulin to control the levels of glucose within the blood. When the sugar levels are too high the sufferer will have insulin injected into the body to reduce this, when the sugar levels are too low the sufferer will need to consume sugar to balance it. Lactose intolerance is caused by a lack in lactose. Milk and milk products are great sources of lactose in a diet. People who suffer from lactose intolerance experience indigestion, stomach cramps, wind and diarrhea when consuming milk and milk products. These people need to adjust their diets so they no longer consume milk or milk products.
Allergies are reactions to food, this will usually happen quickly – the symptoms can include itching and swelling of the mouth, lips, skin, vomiting and diarrhea, dizziness, coughing and streaming in the eyes and nose. People who suffer from food allergies should avoid those food substances at all costs to prevent harmful side effects – however they should try and find alternative to ensure they don’t miss out on required nutrients.
Restricted movements relate to a person’s ability to move for feeding – this can include physical disabilities which will make it difficult to make, hold, digest, eat or drink independently. Joint pains, weak grip, paralyzed limbs etc. can relate to the restriction of movement when consuming food.
A person who suffers from anorexia will have different health problems as a result of restriction from consumption of nutrients. For an anorexic the health risks include; anemia, heart problems, bone loss, lack of frequent periods, lack of testosterone and problems with constipation, bloating or nausea. These health factors have an effect on the functioning of the body and can result in more harmful and life threatening diseases and illnesses developing through the lack of nutrients and energy. Dietary habits
Dietary habits can be affected by various different things, such as meal patterns, snacking, personal tastes and food availability.
Meal patterns relate to the way in which a person eats food. The traditional three meal a day is common, some people also tend to eat separately to the rest of the people within the household –life commitments make the times difficult which can result in some people eating at later times or even missing food all together. Due to unsociable working hours people may have to rush when cooking or eating food, making the nutritional value lowered due to the urgency for food and also other commitments.
Snacking between meals is common, snacking on nutritional substances is good and can be beneficial – however it is more common for people to snack on more fatty or sugary foods which can be a problem and can result in weight disorders like obesity or even diabetes.
Personal tastes have an effect on diets as people have different beliefs regarding meat, meal types, and other nutrients found in diets. These differences make it difficult for the people to gain the right nutrients to be healthy and maintain that health. Also people have fussy appetites which makes food consumption of different nutrients minimal which is bad as it can result in a deficiency within a specific nutrient. The available food also affects diet as...
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