Gi and Study Guide

Good Essays
GI and Diabetes Exam Study Guide

Tube Feeding – (enteral nutrition) refers to the administration of a nutritional balanced liquefied food or formula through a tube inserted into the stomach, duodenum, jejunum. It is used to provide nutrients via the GI tract either alone or as a supplement to oral or parenteral nutrition.
- Nasogastric (NG) Tube – is most commonly used for short-term feeding problems. Other means of feeding are; esophagostomy, gastrostomy or jejunostomy. Transpyloric tube placement or placement into the jejunum is used when physiologic condition warrant feeding the pt below the pyloric sphincter.

Special Indications – anorexia, orofacial fractures, head and neck cancer, neurologic or psychiatric conditions that prevent oral intake, extensive burns and those who are receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Procedure for tube feeding
1. Patient position – 30-45 degrees position. Head remain elevated for 30-60 mins
2. Patency of tube – Tube should be irrigated with water before and after each feeing to ensure patency.
3. Tube Position – Placement of tube is checked before each feeing or every 8 hours with continuous feeings. Checking methods; aspiration and pH.
4. Formula
5. Administration of feeding – feeing are given either by gravity drip method or by feeding pump.
6. General Nursing Considerations – daily weight, accurate I’s and O’s. Blood glucose check.

Complication Related To tube and feeding
Vomiting and or Aspiration
Diarrhea
Constipation
Dehydration
----------------------------------------
Central PN – is indicated when long term parenteral support is necessary or when the patient has high protein and caloric requirements.
Peripheral PN – is used when; nutritional support is needed for only a short time protein and caloric requirement are not high.
The risk of a CPN is too great
Parenteral nutrition is used to supplement inadequate oral intake.

Both CPN and PPN are used in a patient who is not a

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    GI Outline - Study Guide

    • 5346 Words
    • 22 Pages

    Normal and abnormal changes within the GI system for the elderly (905) Mouth: gingival retraction, decreased taste buds, decreases sense of smell, decrease volume of saliva, atrophy of gingival tissue; loss of teeth, dentures, difficulty chewing, diminished sense of taste, dry oral mucosa, poor fitting dentures Esophagus: lower esophageal sphincter pressure decreases, motility decreases; epigastric distress, dysphagia, potential for hiatal hernia and aspiration ABD wall: thinner and less taut…

    • 5346 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    GIS

    • 7359 Words
    • 22 Pages

    "GIS" redirects here. For other uses, see GIS (disambiguation). A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data. Theacronym GIS is sometimes used for geographical information science or geospatial information studies to refer to the academic discipline or career of working with geographic information systems and is a large domain within the broader academic discipline of Geoinformatics…

    • 7359 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    GIS

    • 1054 Words
    • 10 Pages

    LANDSCAPE PATTERNS (FOCUSES ON THE USE OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM) WHAT IS GIS? A software program linked to a database containing massive amounts of geographic information.  Common tool used in studying the spatial patterns of landscape.  This tool was first developed in Canada in the 1960s for the “systematic digitization and scanning of maps, analysis of data, and output of new map products” (Tulloch 2000). GIS PHOTO GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM  It provides: a. Maps b. Tables c…

    • 1054 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    GIS Study Plan

    • 597 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Environment and Urban Planning, Ecology and Geographic Information Systems amongst many others. I also have a good knowledge of Mathematics, Physics and Statistics since it was essential during my studies. Due to the wide range of different disciplines that Environmental Science involves, soon after starting my studies I realized that the environmental management was the specialty where I really wanted to focus on. After graduating, I was selected to do an internship for an environmental consultancy in…

    • 597 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    GI Tract: A Case Study

    • 196 Words
    • 1 Page

    A vomiting reflex is triggered by stimulation of chemoreceptors in the upper GI tract. Mechanoreceptors in the wall of the GI tract are, also, activated. Both are activated by contraction and distension of the gut as well as by damage/injury. There is a center in the CNS that controls the emetic response. It is in the parvocellular reticular formation in the lateral medullary region of the brain. Afferent nerves to this center come from ABD splanchnic and vagal nerves, vestibule labyrinthine receptors…

    • 196 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Development of Gis

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages

    available in advanced country but the application is still new in this country. GIS has been used throughout the project from the planning in management of the infrastructure. GIS applications in flood risk mapping is one of the non-structural approaches that can be used in controlling the development and flooding on the Lembah Sungai Rambai. 2.1. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 2.2. STUDY AREA The study area covers Taman Seri Rambai, Taman Makok, Taman Desa Damai, Taman Sungai Rambai,…

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gi Fi

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages

    0814331046(roll no.) Electronics and communication IMS Ghaziabad Agenda ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduction Former Technology IEEE 802.15 3C 802. GiGi-Fi Technologies Bluetooth v/s Wi-Fi WiHow a Gi-Fi Network Works GiArchitecture Features Applications of Gi-Fi GiConclusion Introduction ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . Gi Fi or Gigabit Wireless is the world's first transceiver integrated on a single chip that operates at 60GHz on the CMOS process. 60GHz process. GiGi-Fi will allow wireless transfer of audio and…

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    GIS and Hazards

    • 446 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Identify and discuss reasons why you think GIS technology currently requires technical experts to apply it in crisis management situations. What are the key issues that need to be addressed? Suppose you had funding resources to combat this problem, where and why would you spend that money? The debate that surrounds the issue of GIS expertise in emergency management seemingly stems from the identity and capabilities of practitioners in crisis management situations. The first or local responders…

    • 446 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Intro to Gis

    • 513 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Introduction to Geographical Information Systems 1. Intro to GIS 1.1 What is a map? A map is a two dimensional model of the real world. It can be regarded as a statistic geographical database printed on paper. real world. 1.2 What is the most important entity in a GIS? Link. A link is required to connect attribute date to geometrical data. Without this the system will not operate properly 1.3 What is the difference between “spatial data” and “none spatial data”?…

    • 513 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Gis Memo

    • 2312 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Memo To: William Nubern, Chief Executive Officer for the Garden Equity Group From: Jacob Sumble Date: [ 4/28/2013 ] Re: General Mills Evaluation Message GIS faces a large amount of exposure from changes within the corn and oil commodities market. GIS uses a large amount of corn to process and create their products, but the market for corn is evolving. Corn is now used to: feed livestock, produce ethanol, feed the world’s growing population, and create corn based synthetics. As the…

    • 2312 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays