Pages: 5 (1306 words) /
Published: Aug 24th, 2014
• James Oglethorpe was a British general, Member of Parliament, philanthropist, humanitarian, was the founder of the colony of Georgia in America in 1733.
• He was a social reformer in England founding Georgia, after a grant from King George II, to resettle Britain's poor, especially those in debtors' prison.
• He established a small group on the Savanna River hoping to create a debtors colony that was free of vice.
• The establishment of the Georgia colony was based on three motives: philanthropic, commercial, and military.
• He was elected to the British Parliament in 1722 and served as a Tory member.
• His entry into politics led James Oglethorpe to take an interest in Humanitarian pursuits which were sparked by the experiences of a friend who was incarcerated in a Debtors prison. This started a life-long interest in the cause of Penal Reform.
• His humanitarian interests also encompassed an antipathy to black slavery, the practice of impressments and campaigns against drinking.
• His beliefs led to the idea of creating a place in the New World where debtors could be rehabilitated and start a new life
• James Oglethorpe and 19 friends and associates were granted a royal charter in 1732 to found a colony between Spanish Florida and South Carolina. The colony was to be governed by trustees for 21 years, after which time the colony would revert to royal control
• The new colony was called Georgia and named in honor of King George II.
• Catholics were banned from the new colony.
• Oglethorpe and the first colonists left for America on the ship Ann in late 1732, and settled near the present site of Savannah, Georgia on 12 February 1733
• The government of the new colony of Georgia proved to be extremely difficult due the three differing objectives: