top-rated free essay


By swetapatel1 Apr 30, 2013 671 Words
CH 1
DNA – basic features, base composition
RNA basic features, base composition, what are all the different types of RNA? Nucleotide - what makes up one? What is it’s general structure? Mendel- basic concept of heredity, punett squares, genotype vs. phenotype, homozygous, heterozygous, what is an allele, dominant allele recessive allele Two general classes of genetics and what makes up each one

Relationship of a gene to locus to allele to chromosome
What organisms do we do research on? Why? Eukaryotes? Prokaryotes? Basically all definitions in bold print

CH 2
Timeline of the search of genetic material- all of the scientists involved, their experiments, the conclusion of their experiments Composition and structure of purines and pyrimidines (sugar, bases, phosphate groups, role of phosphodiester bonds, bonds between bases) Experiments and scientists responsible for the discovery of the structure of DNA (Chargraff, Franlin, Wilkins, Watson Crick) Features of the DNA double helix

Compacting DNA in chromosomes- role of topoisomerases, looping,supercoiling Role of histones and non-histones, chromatin, euchromatin, heterochromatin, what is a nucleosome? histone core? C value & C value paradox

Centromere and telomere, what are they- how are they similar? How are they different? What is their importance? CEN sequences, importance of A-T rich regions, what is their purpose? All bold faced definitions

CH 3
3 models for DNA replication, the experiment that proved semiconservative was right, the scientists who performed it and how they did it? All elements and machinery necessary for replication: origin, replicator, template strands, helicase, DNA gyrase, DNA primase, primosome, RNA primers, SSB proteins, Okazaki fragments, leading and lagging strands, DNA ligase, continuous, discontinuous, replication fork, replisome. Pol I, pol III, free dNTPs How do we replicate the ends of chromosomes? Why is this important? What is telomerase? Why is it unique? Cell cycle in relation to DNA replication and histone transcription and translation ALL BOLD WORDS

Replication in eukaryotes vs prokaryotes

CH 4
Beadle and Tatum and their hypothesis, experimental design, conclusion Prototroph vs auxotroph, nutritional mutant, “rescue experiment” Using mutants to predict the biochemical pathway
Enzyme deficiencies in humans (PKU, albinism, Lesh-Nyhan syndrome, Tay- Sachs) what genes are mutated? What is the phenotype? How do genes control protein structure?
SCA, SCT, Beet and Neel and Pauling’s role in determining the cause of SCA and SCT, the role amino acids have in determining the effects of a mutation Genetic counseling
Pedigree analysis, carrier detection, amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling All bold faced words and definitions

CH 5
What is mRNA, tRNA, snRNA, and rRNA and what is their role?
What is transcription? transcription in eukaryotes vs. prokaryotes Function of a promoter and a pribnow box, what is the sigma factor? What is RNaApolymerase? How does RNA elongation and termination occur in prokaryotes? Rho-dependant, rho-independent, what is the function of the hairpin structure? Transcription in eukaryotes: RNA pol 1-3, pre-mRNA, TATA box, promoter proximal elements, activators and enhancers,GTFs 5’UTR 3’UTR

Synthesizing pre-mRNA in eukarotes vs mRNA in prokaryotes, differences and similarities How do we produce mature mRNa in eukaryotes? Introns, exons, capping, polyA tail, polA polymerase Splicing- how are introns removed? 2 main maehods 1- spliceosomes, snRNPs, branch-point sequence or 2- self-splicing lariat molecule RNA editing

rRNA, understanding the ribosome structure as seperates and as a whole main difference in transcribing rRNA vs mRNA, what are spacers? RNA polIII and its role in transcribing tRNA, role of tRNA and its form, anticodon and codon Bold faced words and definitions

CH 6
Understanding a protein, polypeptide and amino acids, types of AA, levels of protein structure What is the genetic code? How is it read?
Frameshift mutation-what does it cause
Open reading frame?
Characteristics of the genetic code
Why is the code degenerate? What is the wobble hypothesis?
How do you charge a tRNA?
What is involved in activating translation in prokaryotes vs eukaryotes? Shine-Dalgarno sequence, fmet, met
P site, E site, A site, peptide bond, peptidyl transferase
Terminating translation
Bold words and definitions

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Molecular Genetics

    ...models is a great way to learn about DNA structure, function and replication. DNA contains the genetic information for the reproduction of life. Its structure is that of a twisted double helix that is composed of long strands of alternating sugars and phosphate groups, as well as nitrogenous bases (adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine). The ba...

    Read More
  • GENETICS Chapter 1 Homework

    ...the genetic make-up, the inheritable information, which comprises an individual organism. It is the code that is copied in reproduction and is passed from 1 generation to the next. It serves as the main guide in the growth, development and maintenance of a living organism; it also controls the formation of certain proteins and regulation of meta...

    Read More
  • Genetics: Is the Code Broken?

    ...9.7 Option – Genetics: The Code Broken? Contextual Outline Science has come a long way since Mendel’s important work on identifying the transmission of inherited factors across generations. The code for transmitting this genetic information has been identified and models have been developed to explain gene functioning. Transcription of...

    Read More
  • Genetics 223 Review

    ... f. gene and genome a. An autosome does not carry genes that determine sex. A sex chromosome does. b. Genotype is the allele constitution in an individual for a particular gene. Phenotype is the physical expression of an allele combination. c. DNA is a double-stranded nucleic acid that includes deoxyribose and the nitro...

    Read More
  • Genetics Module 7 Lab 2

    ...******************************************************************************************** Answer Sheet—Module 7 Lab DNA Extraction Click on the following link and view the DNA extraction: 1. What is the source of the cells used in this demonstration? A human. 2. Give three prac...

    Read More
  • Genetics ( Dna-Chromosomes

    ...GENETICS (DNA - CHROMOSOMES) 7/16/2013 DNA – Chromosomes - Genes DNA •DNA: the chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions for making living organisms. •The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. • The scientific name for DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid. D.J.A 1 ...

    Read More
  • The Genetic Code

    ...The Genetic Code Overview This module will examine how information is encoded in DNA, and how that information is interpreted to bring about changes in cells and tissues. Objectives 1. Understand the triplet nature of the genetic code, and know the meaning of the term codon. 2. Know that the code is degenerate, and what that means. ...

    Read More
  • Activity 322 The Genetic CodeIntroductionIn The

    ... Activity 3.2.2: The Genetic Code Introduction In the previous activity, you learned how DNA encodes the instructions for creating proteins. You also learned about the basics of the process of protein synthesis. In this activity you will apply your knowledge of transcription and translation to decode a secret message as well as investigate t...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.