Family and Communcation

Powerful Essays
ANATOMIC KINESIOLOGY
JOINT ACTIONS OF INTEREST
&
MUSCLES MOST INVOLVED FOR EACH ACTION

Scapular (Shoulder Girdle) Actions:

Elevation: upward movement (shoulder shrug)
Depression: downward movement (return from shoulder shrug)
Abduction: (protraction) away from the vertebral column – baseball stretch
Adduction: (retraction) toward vertebral column – pinching shoulder blades together
Upward Rotation: scapula’s inferior angle moving away from midline – raising arms
Downward Rotation: scapula’s inferior angle towards midline – return from raising arms

ELEVATION upward movement – going against gravity

Upper Trapezius {Relative Position to Relevant Landmark:}

Superficial muscle 3 sections (upper, middle & lower) posterior

Proximal Attachment: base of skull, occipital bone, posterior ligament of neck and spinous process of the last cervical and all the thoracic vertebrae

Distal Attachment: posterior aspect of the lateral third clavicle

Innervation: spinal accessory (cranial XI) nerve

Levator Scapula {Relative Position to Relevant Landmark:}

Deep lying muscle Lateral posterior

Proximal Attachment: upper four cervical vertebrae on the transverse processes

Distal Attachment: superior angle of the scapula (medial border of scapula above spine)

Innervation: dorsal scapular nerve

Rhomboids {Relative Position to Relevant Landmark:}(all covered up)

Deep lying Diagonal orientation – between vertebral column & scapula posterior

Proximal Attachment: spinous processes of last cervical and first five thoracic vertebrae

Distal Attachment: vertebral (medial) border of the scapula on its posterior aspect

Innervation: scapular nerve
DEPRESSION downward movement – going with gravity

Pectoralis Minor {Relative Position to Relevant Landmark:}

Anterior Diagonal orientation – also vertical alignment

Proximal Attachment: exterior surface of the third to fifth ribs

Distal Attachment:

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