F.Fukuyama, The end of the Cold War as the end of history.

Topics: The End of History and the Last Man, Political science, Liberal democracy Pages: 7 (2284 words) Published: November 5, 2013


Francis Fukuyama.

Introduction.
The specifics of the international situation after the Cold War. Since 1985, the world is going through an amazing evolution. The interdependence emerged and has become a reality of understanding of all processes in the world. Peace, freedom, human rights, social security, democracy have taken place of those values, because of which the major battles were unfold in the international arena and within countries. Overnight concepts collapsed that before seemed unshakable. In this case, not only the political picture of the world changed . At large numbers of people in different countries sense of global community, solidarity, public interest, human intimacy has been strengthened . Not surprisingly, that the rapid evolution of the global situation, the collapse of the bipolar system and fade into the background of ideological aspects confused scientists specializing in political predictions. Now, it is necessary not only to explain the reasons which led to the formation of new political realities after the "cold war", but also suggest new approaches and concepts on the basis of which it was possible to trace the dynamics of international relations in a changing world.

Francis Fukuyama, his works and intepretations.
Francis Fukuyama - known American political scientist and geopolitician. He received a bachelor's degree from Cornell University (New York), then - PhD in political science from Harvard University. "The End of History and the Last Man" is the first book of the American philosopher and political scientist Francis Fukuyama, was released in 1992 by publisher Free Press. It preceded the appearance of the book's publication in the journal The National Interest essay "The End of History?" (1989), which has received considerable attention in the press and scientific press. In his book "The End of History and the Last Man" Fukuyama continues the essay and argues that the spread in the world of Western-style liberal democracy indicates the end point of socio-cultural evolution of mankind and the formation of the final form of government. In the view of Fukuyama's end of history, however, does not mean the end of the event history, but it means the end of the century ideological confrontations, global wars and revolutions, and with it - the end of art and philosophy. The book "The End of History and the Last Man," was subjected to abundant criticism in the scientific literature and in journalism. Most reviewers have pointed to the ideological bias of the author's extreme commitment to liberal democracy, the selectivity in the evaluation and selection of the events of the facts, as well as the underestimation of the importance of such movement has grown, openly opposing the spread of liberal democracy as Islamic fundamentalism. Francis Fukuyama has taken an active part in the debate that raged after the release of the book, consistently defending his positions, but in subsequent works he gradually revised the previously stated views. Fukuyama contemplates the Soviet Union and comes to the conclusion that the post-historical consciousness represented by the "new thinking" - the only possible future for the Soviet Union. Fukuyama writes: "The Soviet Union is on the crossroads: either it enters into the road, which is forty-five years ago chose Western Europe and which was followed by the majority of Asian countries, or, confident in its own uniqueness, stucks in place. The selection will be huge for us, because when you consider the territory and the military power of the Union, it will continue to absorb our attention, making it difficult to realize that we are already on the other side of the history. " Challenge facing the world is to learn to settle conflicts that exist or will exist between different ideas in such ways as negotiation, mediation, counseling. In the world of social science today is one of the central points is a provision under which the social development...

Bibliography: Books:
1. Fukuiama, F. (2005 edition) 'The end of history and the Last Man '. (Philosophy). Retrieved on 18, April, 2013.
2. Lancov, S. (2006) 'World politics and International Relations '. Studybook. Retrieved on 18, April, 2013.
3. Zakaria F. (2004) 'The future of freedom: illiberal democracy in the United States and beyond '. Retrieved on 20, April, 2013.
Articles:
1. Sokovnina, S. (2001) Iurii Boldyrev: "Achieving something, if supported". Nezavisimaia gazeta. Retrieved on 21, April, 2013.
2. Hidekazu Kawai (1998) 'Japanese politics and Future World '. 日本の政治と未来の世界.Retrieved on 7, May, 2013.
3. Fukuiama, F. (1989). 'The end of History? '. The National Interest. Retrieved on 18, April, 2013.
4. Jacques Derrida (1994). Specters of Marx: State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning and the New International. Short summary. Retrieved on 7, May, 2013.
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