extra credit assignment psych 101

Topics: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning Pages: 2 (535 words) Published: April 21, 2014

1. Basic interaction and understanding other people’s feelings, reactions and nonverbal cues can be difficult for the person who has autism spectrum disorder. A delay in or lack of learning to talk which later cab be difficult to establish friends. 2. Describe- Describe the organism’s behavior so we are able to understand it. Explain- explain why the behavior occurs in the organism; what factors contribute to the behavior. Predict- Predict how their behavior can affect them and what obstacles are they going to encounter. Control- what could be done to help or solve the organism’s behavior? 6. Any positive or negative prediction about events or people that could affect and persons behavior towards them and causes itself to come true. Example: if a woman believes her husband or boyfriend will leave her for another woman, she will act in ways that will put a strain on their relationship by getting jealous, going through his personal items and fighting over assumptions. Eventually her significant other might just leave causing her prediction to come true. 7. Independent variable- is the variable that is controlled and manipulated by the experimenter. Dependent variable- the variable that is measured by the experimenter. 8. Automatic processes- when you start doing something that you have done many times, you can complete it successfully without giving any thought. It requires little awareness and does not interfere with other outgoing activates. Controlled processes- a voluntary movement which requires a lot of attention and alertness for example driving a car. Daydreaming- requires low level awareness and it is fantasizing or your mind wondering off while awake. Altered states- Medication, drugs, alcohol, or other number of procedures can produce an awareness that differs from your normal conscious. Sleep and dreams- one biological theory is a repair theory- the brain and body repairs or replenishes itself while sleeping. Sleep consists of...
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