Exam 1 Study Guide
Topics: Mesopotamia, Sumer, Ancient Egypt / Pages: 5 (1227 words) / Published: Jun 3rd, 2014

Professor Thompson
Western Civilization I, Exam I
Study Guide

Terms that may appear on the exam:
1. Akhenation- created a religious upheaval in Egypt by introducing the worship of Aten. Pg 30

2. Book of the Dead- negative confession. Pg 25

3. Cuneiform- wedge-shaped system of writing; impressions on clay tablets, which were then baked or dried in the sun. Pg 16

4. Epic of Gilgamesh- records the exploits of a legendary king of Uruk. Pg 17

5. Erbil- can be dated back to at least 6000 BC and it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

6. Eridu- is an ancient Sumerian city in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, Dhi Qar Governorate, Iraq. Eridu was long considered the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world. Pg 10

7. Hebrew Diaspora- when Jews became scattered throughout the ancient world after their exile to Babylon, did they become merchants. Pg. 44

8. Law Code of Hammurabi- emphasizes the principle of “an eye for an eye” and punishments that vary according to social status. Pg 13

9. Ma’at- the ancient Egypt of Truth. Pg 26

10. Marduk- a late generation God from Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon, who became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi, started to slowly rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon. Pg 15

11. Menes/Narmer- an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the early dynastic period, credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt. Pg 21

12. Monotheism- the belief that there is only one God for all people. Pg 40

13. Nile River- is a unique river and it is the longest river in the world. Pg 18

14. Old Testament- the chief source of information about Israel’s conceptions. Pg 41

15. Phoenician Alphabet- a new system of writing. Pg 65

16. Pyramids- tombs for the mummified bodies of pharaohs. Pg 26

17. Resurrection- is the concept of a

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