In Arabic all ethics are an extension of Shari’a law which is itself drawn upon from the Qur’an and Sunni of the prophet. Islamic Ethics play a significant role on the way ethics regarding the environment have evolved and continue to evolve. The three keys principles in relations to environmental ethics are, Tahwid, Khilafa and akhra. These Three principles are derived from holy texts such as the Qur’an.
Tawhid or unity is the belief in the oneness of Allah this is an overriding concept that informs Muslim ethics. As a result of such this principle relates to environmental ethics because of the belief in the integrity and unity of Allah’s creation. This is not to suggest that Allah is one with creation, but rather that creation as a whole reflects the uniqueness and oneness of Allah. Because of the greatness of Allah people are expected to obey his commands which are contained in the Qur’an and express their obedience in behaviour as well as belief. This includes not only devotion toward Allah but ethical behaviour towards others as well. There are several passages in the Qur’an that support this concept. Such as Sura 4:36, “Serve Allah and join not any partners with him; and do good – to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who are strangers, the companions by your side, the wayfarer you meet, and what your right hand possess: for Allah loves not the arrogant, the vainglorious.
Khilafa or stewardship means that humans are only the managers of the universe and not its proprietors. They are entrusted with its care and maintenance and so should not abuse, misuse or distort the natural resources and allow for future generations to benefit from them. References to this are found throughout the Qur’an, “It is he that has made you custodians, inheritors of the earth” (surah 6:165). This text clearly states that the