different types of lines

Topics: Humphry Davy, Michael Faraday, Royal Institution Pages: 2 (1293 words) Published: October 26, 2014

3872865-128270Michael Faraday, FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the fields ofelectromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction,  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamagnetism" \o "Diamagnetism" diamagnetismand electrolysis. Although Faraday received little formal education, he was one of the most influential scientists in history. It was by his research on the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a direct current that Faraday established the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics. Faraday also established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena.[1][2] He similarly discovered the principle ofelectromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. His inventions of electromagnetic rotary devicesformed the foundation of electric motor technology, and it was largely due to his efforts that electricity became practical for use in technology. As a chemist, Faraday discovered benzene, investigated the  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clathrate_hydrate" \o "Clathrate hydrate" clathrate hydrate of chlorine, invented an early form of theBunsen burner and the system of oxidation numbers, and popularised terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, andion. Faraday ultimately became the first and foremost  HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fullerian_Professor_of_Chemistry" \o "Fullerian Professor of Chemistry" Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, a lifetime position. Faraday was an excellent experimentalist who conveyed his ideas in clear and simple language; his mathematical abilities, however, did not extend as far as trigonometry or any but the simplest algebra. James Clerk Maxwell took the work of Faraday and others, and summarized it in a set of equations that is accepted as the basis of...
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