What is development project?
A development project is a project which is taken by Govt. of a country for the interest of a nation or specific community. No private owner is interested to take this project. The basic objective of this project is social benefit. Developments of road, bridge, school, college, hospital, mosque, temple etc. are the example of development project. Project related to socio-economic infrastructure is called development project. In development project there is no question of profit. Development projects are successfully implemented by the direct supervision of government. We can also say that development project means a project intended to increase a developing country’s ability to produce in the future. Such projects are most commonly additions to the country’s capital stoke, but they may involve improvement in infrastructure, educational facilities, discovery or development of rural resources etc. On the other way we can say that development project refers to a specific activity or task settled upon to achieve the economic, political and social goals of a country.
What are the different levels of monitoring chain in Bangladesh? In Bangladesh the monitoring activities of development projects are permitted in different stages. The different stages of project monitoring activities in Bangladesh are given below 1. Project level monitoring: In this stage the duty of monitoring is accounted for or performed by project director or manager or coordinator. Project implementation activities are monitored by CPM, Bar chart periodical Budget. 2. Agency/Division level Monitoring: In agency stage planning and agency wing are prevailing. Implementation wing monitors the project and try to solve the existing problem. Generally, large executive agency is divided into various sectors and these sectors perform the monitoring activities on project basis, sector basis and overall agency basis. In order to solve the problem of project, management by exception technique is also used. 3. Ministry level monitoring: Every ministry contains a planning cell. This planning cell accomplishes to perform the task of monitoring. The accomplished or executed activities are reviewed in the monthly review meeting of the ministry. 4. Monitoring at National Level: At national level the development projects are monitored by implementation monitoring evaluation department (IMED). It is a department of ministry of planning.
Discuss the constraints for the successful implementation of development project in Bangladesh. How can it be removed? The successful implementation of a project which is prepared on the basis of rational planing depends on different elements. For the successful implementation of the project proper principles, managerial skill, managerial insightness is required. In addition to, successful implementation of the project also depends on the supply of money and other resources, effective coordination among various departments, monitoring regulatory of the proceeds of the work. But all of those elements are not available in Bangladesh which are regulated for the successful implementation of the project. 1. Crowding of Projects: An approved project must be included under annual development program (ADP) in order to get money for implementation of the project planning commission distributes the necessary money and other resources to those projects which are included under annual development program. But in this situation main constraint is the countless inclusion of countless number of projects to meet local demand and to fulfill political promise. It is not possible for the government of an underdeveloped country to provide necessary fund and resources for all the projects. As a result, it takes more time and cost to complete the project. 2. Over dependence on foreign aid: In Bangladesh most of the development projects are taken into consideration in the basis of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document