Type your answers to the following questions using complete sentences and correct grammar, spelling and syntax. Click “Save as” and save the file with your last name and assignment, e.g.,”NR_RRL3_Smith” Submit to the Reading Research Literature #3 basket in the Dropbox by 11:59 pm MT Sunday at the end of Week 6.
Name: Jennifer Shrader
The following questions pertain to: McMillan, S. C., & Small, B. J. (2007). Using the COPE intervention for family caregivers to improve symptoms of hospice homecare patients. Oncology Nursing Forum, 34(2), 313-21. 1) Describe the data collection methodology. What instruments were used? Within 24-48 hours after hospice admission, the RA HHA interviewed the patients independently to obtain demographic information and administered the HQLI, pain intensity scale, dyspnea intensity scale, and CAS. The RA nurse simultaneously interviewed the caregivers. The three symptom assessments determined which problems the patient was experiencing so the intervention for group III could be tailored to each patient’s situation. In addition, patients completed the MSAS to assess for distress caused by symptoms other than pain, dyspnea, or constipation. Two weeks after entry into the study, and again two weeks later, patients were again asked to report symptom intensity and complete the MSAS and HQLI. The data collection methodology used was interviews.
2) What did the authors say about the reliability and validity of their instruments? To assess pain in patients an NRS was used. Previous research indicates that an NRS is valid and reliable and correlates well other measures of pain intensity. A dyspnea intensity scale was used to assess dyspnea intensity because of its ease of administration and accuracy. Reliability and validity of the one-item rating scales have been supported by a number of studies. Validity of the CAS was evaluated using the known-groups