Course Note on Organizational Behaviour
Topics: Organization, Organizational studies, Management, Psychology / Pages: 7 (1810 words) / Published: Sep 23rd, 2014

2012/2013 Rain Semester
Course Code: PSY 410
Course Title: Organizational Psychology

Course Outline
1. Definition of Organizational Psychology - Scientific Management - Frederick Winslow Taylor - Human Relations Movement - Elton Mayo - Definition of Organizational Behaviour - Elements of Organizational Behaviour - Need for Studying Behaviour
2. Communication in the workplace - Definition of Communication - Communication Process - Flow of Communication - Barriers to effective communication - Methods of overcoming barriers to effective communication
3. Leadership - Meaning of Leadership - Theories of Leadership - Types of Leadership
4. Motivation - Meaning of Motivation - Need theories of Motivation - Behaviour-based theories of Motivation - Job design theories of Motivation - Rational theories of Motivation
5. Power and Politics in Organization - Influence: The Use of Social Control - Meaning and Sources of Power - How people use power - Organizational Politics
6. Organizational Structure and Culture - Organizational Structure - Dimensions of Organizational Structure - Organizational Culture

DEFINITION OF ORGANISATION
According to Gary Johns, "Organisations are social inventions for accomplishing goals through group efforts". This definition covers wide variety-of groups such as businesses, schools, hospitals, fraternal groups, religious bodies, government agencies and so on. There are three significant aspects in the above definition, which require further analysis. They are as follows:
Social Inventions: The word "social" as a derivative of society basically means gathering of people. It is the people that primarily make up an organisation.
Accomplishing Goals: All organisations have reasons for their existence. These reasons are the goals towards which all organisational efforts are directed. While the primary goal .of any commercial organisation is to make money for its owners, this goal is

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