As we know, now Vietnam is standing in top 3 in the ranking board of the 10 biggest rice exporters. The question is how Vietnam can reach this position? Because we have many comparative advantages in rice export field.
1. The geographical position of Vietnam.
Vietnam has a long maritime adjacent to East sea – one of the most important sea transports in the world. Every year, thousands of transport ship move from North Pacific ocean to Indian ocean have to go through this area, beside that we have 2 big seaports with model loading and unloading machines : Vung Tau and Hai Phong seaport. Vietnam is also a good place for ships to avoid storm because Philippines and Indonesia like a shield which reduce the storm’s strength before it land to Vietnam. So it is easy for Vietnam to export rice and trade off with other countries in the world.
Ex: the rice transport fee from Thailand to Philippines is around 31 – 32 USD per ton while it take only 25 USD per ton when ship from Vietnam.
2. The abilities of expanding paddy field.
The area of Vietnam is 33.1 million hectares, in which seeded area is 4.1 million hectares. 10 million hectares can be used for agriculture and 8.5 million hectares can be used for cultivating rice. In other hand, Thailand has 11 million hectares of cultivated land and they already used 9.6 million hectares for cultivate rice, Pakistan used 3.4 million hectares in total 5.3 million hectares of cultivated land, India can expand 2.4 million hectares of cultivated land more.
Compare with 4 big rice exporters in the world, our land which can be used for cultivating rice still remain very much. One more thing, India, Pakistan or Indonesia has high speed of population growth so the abilities of expand cultivated land is difficult.
3. Favourable nature conditions.
Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate and two big rice basket: Red River Delta and Mekong Delta. They are two big