Colonial Society in the 18th Century

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The start of a new country 1701- English colonies has a population of barely 250,000 Europeans & Africans
1775- 2,500,000 Europeans
28,000 Africans in 1701 - 500,000 in 1775
European Immigrants
Many immigrants, most of whom were Protestants, came from French, and German speaking kingdoms and principalities.
Some came to escape religious persecution and wars. Others sought economic opportunity.
Most immigrants settled in middle colonies (Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Maryland & Delaware) and on the Western Frontier (Virginia, the Carolinas & Georgia)
Few headed to New England, where land was limited in extent and under Puritan control
English- Numbers were relatively small among others because fewer problems at home.
Germans- Settled chiefly on the rich farmlands west of Philadelphia. Maintained their German language, customs, and religion. Showed little interest in English politics. By 1775 Germans comprised 6% of Colonial population.
Scotch-Irish- Had little respect for the British Government, which had pressured them into leaving Ireland. Most settled along the frontier in the Western parts of Pennsylvania, Virginia, the Carolinas & Georgia. Comprised 7% of pop. by 1775.
Other Europeans- French protestants (Huguenots) Dutch and Sweds made up 5%of pop. in 1775
Africans- Largest group of non-English immigrants The start of a new country 1701- English colonies has a population of barely 250,000 Europeans & Africans
1775- 2,500,000 Europeans
28,000 Africans in 1701 - 500,000 in 1775
European Immigrants
Many immigrants, most of whom were Protestants, came from French, and German speaking kingdoms and principalities.
Some came to escape religious persecution and wars. Others sought economic opportunity.
Most immigrants settled in middle colonies (Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Maryland & Delaware) and on the Western Frontier (Virginia, the Carolinas & Georgia)
Few headed to New England, where land was limited in extent and under Puritan

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