1. Jefferson Davis – president of the Confederacy
2. Palmito Ranch – last battle of Civil War; minor Confederate victory 3. Juneteenth – June 19, 1865: Texan slaves first hear about the Emancipation Proclamation and are freed; important holiday for future blacks in Texas 4. Richard Dowling and the Davis Guards – Fought and won in the Battle of Sabine Pass which stopped a Union invasion of TX; considered heroes after (Richard Dowling was commander) 5. Martial law – law imposed by the military in cases of emergency 6. Albert Sidney Johnston – second in command of Confederacy under Jefferson Davis; killed in the battle of Shiloh. Had a small wound and told the doctor not to worry about it, but ended up dying from the wound 7. Ulysses S. Grant – Commander of the Union army
8. Abraham Lincoln – President of the Union
9. Robert E. Lee – Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia (confederate); known as the greatest general of the Confederacy 10. Fort Sumter – First battle of the Civil War; Union victory 11. Freedmen’s Bureau – A federal agency that helped former slaves during the Reconstruction 12. Black codes (Jim Crow laws) – Laws meant to segregate black men 13. Uncle Tom’s Cabin – An anti-slavery novel by Harriet Stowe that depicts slave life 14. Missouri Compromise – An important compromise that prohibited slavery north of the parallel 36°30′ north, except for Missouri 15. Abolitionists – People who work to abolish (do away with) slavery 16. Andrew Johnson – president after Lincoln’s assassination; in favor of Lincoln’s ideals 17. States’ Rights – The political powers reserved to the states governments rather than the federal government 18. Reconstruction – The period of time after the Civil War when the states were slowly brought back to the Union 19. Andrew J. Hamilton – The president of Texas appointed by Lincoln during Reconstruction 20. The Ironclad Oath – The oath made by citizens of the Confederacy to stay with the Union during...
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