Chapter 5 Review Questions
1. Civil Rights are the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by governments or individuals. The concept of equality got introduced into the constitution. The 14th Amendment, one of three Civil war Amendments ratified from 1865 to 1870, introduced the notion of equality into the constitution by specifying that a state could not deny “any person within jurisdiction equal protection of the laws.” It is evident in the recent Walmart vs. Duke case, where women were not allowed to attend management meetings or further their career at Walmart. It is important because today, this amendment protects a variety of groups against discrimination. 2. Bakke was followed by a 1979 case in which the Court ruled that a factory and a union could voluntarily adopt a quota system in selecting black workers over more senior white workers for a training program. This outraged blue collar Americans who traditionally voted for the Democratic Party. Later they abandoned the party, a foe of affirmative action. 3. The statute defines a disabled person as someone with a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more “life activities” or who has a record of such impairment. 4. The DADT policy is where the military would no longer as gays and lesbians if they were homosexual. 5. Homosexual people should be, and under our existing system generally are, protected just like everyone else. There is no law that says that a citizen who assaults a homosexual person is not liable to prosecution, for instance. In this way, everyone is already protected under the law. 6. A twice-proposed but never ratified amendment to the Constitution that would prohibit denial or abridgement of rights on the basis of sex. First proposed in 1923, the amendment was passed by Congress in 1972 but failed ratification by the requisite number of states. It was a major rallying point of the women's movement. 7. Reconstruction is the...
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