BIO 236 Nutrition Ch. 18
Nutrition- Study of the sources, actions, and interactions of nutrients. macronutrients- A nutrient (carbohydrate, lipid, and protein) required in a large amount. micronutrients- Nutrient (vitamin or mineral) required in small amount.
2. Nutrients that cannot be synthesized by humans, like some amino acids, are called ______essential___ nutrients.
3. List the 6 types of Vegetarian diets, including food restrictions.
Vegan- No animal foods
Ovo-vegetarian- Eggs allowed; no dairy or meat
Lacto-vegetarian- Dairy allowed; no meat
Lacto-ovo-vegetarian- Dairy and eggs allowed; no meat
Pesco-vegetarian- Dairy, Eggs, and fish allowed; no other meat
Semivegetarian- Dairy, eggs, chicken and fish allowed; no other meat
4. List the three types of monosaccharides:
5. How does cellulose facilitate intestinal function? Cellulose is abundant in our food, it is almost unchanged during digestion, which provides the muscular wall of the intestinal system something to push.
6. Name two uses of carbohydrates other than supplying energy.
Used in breast tissue for the secretion of milk
Used in the making of ribose and deoxyribose
7. According to your text book, what is the estimated daily requirement for carbohydrates? It is estimated that you get at least 125 to 175 grams to avoid metabolic disorders, althought the minimal requirements are unknown. An average diet has 200-300 grams daily.
8. Which fatty acids are essential nutrients? Linoleic acid & Linolenic acid
9. Describe the role of the liver in the utilization of fats. The liver regulates circuiting lipids and it controls the total amount of cholesterol in the body, by synthesizing and releasing it into the blood or bile. The liver uses cholesterol to produce bile salts.
10. What is the estimated daily requirement for lipids? It is estimated that