Chapter 15

Topics: Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Racial segregation, Separate but equal Pages: 2 (571 words) Published: April 7, 2014
I. THE POLITICS OF EQUALITY
A. Guarantees of Civil Rights (Table 15-1, pg. 542)
III. SLAVERY, SEGREGATION AND THE CONSTITUTION
A. Slavery and the Constitution
1. Compromises in Article I (3/5, slave trade)
2. Article IV - Guaranteed return of escaped slaves to their owners 3. Slaves referred to as "person held to Service or Labour" in the Constitution 4. Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857) - See pg. 543

Peter Blow -Dr. Emerson dies while they are in free state - Mrs. Emerson now owns Scott - Mrs.Emerson gets married and gives Scott to Mr. Sandford(brother)-since he was in another state they could take it to federal court-Chief Justice Taney ruled that he was not free-filed using Missouri Compromise but justice ruled Mizzou. Comp. was unconstitutional- interfered with private property rights-The Blow children found out about all of this and pooled money then bought him and set him free B. Emancipation and Reconstruction

1. Disagreement with Taney and party divisions over slavery led to a 4-way race for the presidency, which Lincoln won after promising not to support the abolition movement - social movement before the Civil War whose goal was to abolish slavery throughout the United States. 2. Emacipaiton Proclamation (1862)

3. Reconstruction
a. Radical Republicans control Congress; federal troops occupy the South b. Civil War Amendments (13th, 14th, & 15th)
C. Segregaion
1. Comromise of 1877 - pg. 544
2. Civil Rights Cases of 1883 - Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to prevent discrimination by private individuals 3. Jim Crow laws - Southern segregation laws that conferred second-class citizen status on Blacks 4. Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)

a. Separate but equal doctrine - Ruling of the Supreme Court that segregated facilities were legal as long as...
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