Chapter 1-8

Topics: Sociology, Sociological terms, Social psychology Pages: 19 (4166 words) Published: October 16, 2014
Chapter 1

Sociology
the study of human society
Groups of sociology
sports
religion
music
medicine
sociologists
Social Structure – patterns of social behavior
Martial age
Food
Reality shows
Cultural Myths
Social Institutions are groups of
Social positions
Social relations
Social roles
Social identity
Social imagination
wants you to look at structural ties that keep you aligned with a group looks at the historical past
Sociologists generally look common categories
Age
Gender
Ethnicity/race
Economics
Social Physics is a play on the word Social Structure
Positivism
how people move thru periods of life they can’t explain
Volcano erupting in Hawaii because Pele upset. Must make Pele happy to stop volcano.

Names in Sociology
Berger - seeing the general in the particular (making the familiar strange) Mills - Sociological Imagination
Comte (1837)
Social physics / positivism
Theological
Metaphysical
Human equality to what is going on in their life
Reason crime rate is bad is because people are just bad
Scientific process to what is going on in their life
All issues are happening because of a scientific process
Harriet Martineau
Female in a man’s world
Translated Comte’ into English
Early Feminist and very dominate
Research methods
Women’s issues
Father disowned her @ early age of 21
Karl Marx
Materialism
Class conflict
Philosopher
Bi-polar
Wrote about economic institutions of capitalism
Market will control itself
Excessive focus on materialism
how the focus of stuff effects the relationship; managing works The essence of conflicts impacts institutions
Max Weber
1st sociologist
Suffered from severe depression
How religion institution drive the economic structure
Verstehen – research until you have understand what is going on

Emile Durkheim
Statistics
Social facts
Number guy – census data collector
Positivistic sociology
Suicide
Anomie
Normlessness – loss of normal
Not dependable
George Simmel
Urban sociology
Study of structures of groups in cities (Group dynamics)
Names in Sociology in the US
Robert Park
Father of Sociology
Started the 1st dept. of sociology in 1910 @ the Univ. of Chicago Charles Cooley
“looking-glass self”
Your participation in groups is influenced on how people see you George Herbert Mead
Theory of Self
W.E.B. DuBois
1st African American male to Received PhD from Harvard
Cofounded the NAACP
Asked to teach sociology @ Atlanta University
Developed the concept of “double consciousness”
How people react differently with different situation
Jane Addams
Hull House
Social worked
Nobel prize (1931)

Theories - Explain, Describe, Predict; Life structurally runs on theories Functionalism - what is the reason?
Organism - How the human body works – made up of systems
Manifest / latent
Manifest function – positive outcome
Latent function – positive or negative outcome
Social consensus
“reasons’
Emile Durkheim
Macrosociology - Looking for big picture
Conflict - Competing interest (limited goods), Societal driving force , Exists on all levels Initiates change
Power
Gender/age
Political
Economic
Karl Marx
Macrosociology - generally concerned with social dynamics at a higher level of analysis Society functions on conflict
Conflict is mostly about limited goods - Have / Have Not
Conflict theory views society from exactly the opposite of perspective Conflict is good for society cause it represents change
There has and always will be conflict between workers & entrepreneurs (i.e.… why unions were created) Feminist Theory - Conflict model where gender is concerned / Political reform Symbolic Interactionism

Interpretation of symbols
Face to face interactions
Creating reality
Microsociology (Seeks to understand local interactional context) Maxx Weber
Interpretive sociology
Verstehen
Post Modernism: Sometimes part of all of the above theories
Invented for the moment becoming fact
Fast changing interactions...
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