Chapter 1

Satisfactory Essays
Chapter 1: Mesopotamia
1. In the Neolithic era, about 8000 B.C., a new civilization and culture developed. The reason for this development was the change to hunting and gathering to cultivation of agriculture that permitted man to settle down permanently ending nomadic existence.

2. The Sumerians invented the first written language called Cuneiform.

3. Polytheistic Religion is the belief in many Gods.

4. Epic of Gilgamesh was the first literary story with a protagonist with a name and personality, and earliest written record of the discovery of death

5. One of the first established codes of law was the Hammurabi.

6. Why was the Hammurabi’s Code of law so significant? Explain in your own words.
It gave society rules that they needed to follow. I think Hammurabi’s Code of law taught people that everyone is and should be treated equal.

7. According to the cultural epoch theory Mesopotamian civilizations were characterized by period of adaptions and adjustments.

8. In your opinion write a paragraph explaining how you see the application of the cultural Epoch Theory as an explanation of the Mesopotamian civilizations.
Cultural Epoch Theory is based on three stages, chaos, adjustment, and balance. There three stages must happen in order for civilization to survive. The Cultural Epoch Theory should continue to occur in order to keep the proper balance amongst society. I believe this theory is a great way to identify Mesopotamian Civilization.

9. The Persian culture produced a monotheistic or dualistic religion known as Zoroastrianism

Chapter 2: Ancient Egypt
1. When political and religious authorities are the same, the government is a Homogenous.

2. The Maat is the Egyptian code of ethics.

3. Compared to Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt’s culture according to the cultural epoch theory is characterized by Theocracy.

4. Ancient Egyptians developed written language, made up of pictographic symbols for words called Hieroglyphics.

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