Topics: Cebu, Philippine cuisine, Philippines Pages: 9 (2159 words) Published: September 25, 2013

Culture and ethics
Cebu city,
“The Queen City of the south”

Prepared by: Submitted to:
Judith Reyes Mrs. Linatoc
Jennelyn Hernandez

Cebu city,
The Queen City of the south

The capital of Cebu Island is Cebu City. Cebu City is the first Spanish settlement in the country and the oldest city in the country. Apart from being the “Queen City of the South,” Cebu City is now also tagged as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) City of Culture.Famed for its historical landmarks, well-made guitars, tasty dried mangoes, and great seafood, Cebu City is the 10th Philippine City to gain such an honor.

Cebuanos Traits

Cebuanos are brave and intelligent people gifted with good looks and awesome COOLNESS! These traits have been with us even before the Spanish era. Before the Spaniards have shamelessly claimed our land, we already have our own culture, business, politics, and even unique and cool traditions.


The early Cebuanos are Animists (people who believe in Nature & Spirits) which I think is way cooler than the arrogant European explorers who forced their belief and traditions to us. It’s very unfortunate that in our country’s history, our early Filipinos were labeled as idiots and ignoramus by disrespectful colonizers. Even before the reign of the Spanish regime, we Cebuanos, are already traders, warriors, craftsmen, and politicians.

The Animist Cebuanos who pray to the spirits of the forest and the dead are not Pagans as what the colonizers forced everyone to believe. Animism is not the same as Paganism. Animists believe everything to be spiritual in nature while Pagans believe in the worship of many gods/goddesses.

The Tudruk and Sakra

Believe it or not, I am really amused with the Tudruk or Tugbuk (Penis Pin) and Sakra (Penis Ring) used by the early Cebuanos to add spice and excitement to their sexual lifestyle. Unfortunately, this practice of putting tudruk and sakra on male penises were prohibited when the Catholic Spanish missionaries came to the island. One of the missionaries had even conducted a tedious individual penis inspection to get rid of these things that they called satanic and barbaric. The European missionaries were dumbfounded when they found out that the natives were practicing such “malevolent deed”.

The penis pins used by the native Cebuanos are usually made of gold and are used as an anchor for the sakra (penis rings). These rings were designed for a woman’s pleasure. Of course, as I mentioned above, the European missionaries were scandalized and described the women natives as sex crazed and lack proper civilization.

Another thing that makes this tugruk and sakra thing more interesting is the tradition that requires a slave to deflower a virgin. During that time, slaves are not allowed to wear tugruk and sakra, thus, it was very convenient for them to deflower virgins without hurting them after. A virgin female before her marriage is required to be deflowered by a slave so that she won’t suffer severe pain when she and her husband will consummate their marriage.


The Cebuano language is the most common native language spoken in the Visayas region. Spanish, English, Chinese, Chabacano (in Zamboanga Region), and Tagalog are the other languages spoken in Cebu. 15 to 20 million is the estimated range of Cebuano speakers.


Spanish culture and indigenous Philippine traditions has been an influence to majority of the Cebuano culture. Majority of the Cebuanos religion is Roman Catholic. However, Chinese religion has slowly seeped in and formed part of the growing religious groups in Cebu. Proof of this is the large number of Chinese temples found in the region. The Cebuano culture is traditionally characterized as a blend of Malay and Spanish tradition with influences from the United States and other Asian culture. It was in the port settlement of Cebu that the Spaniards...
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