Self Learning Module 10
HCC BSN “3+1” Professional Mentoring
MODULE OBJECTIVES o The Student will be able to understand the concepts of ethics applied to nursing
The student will develop moral reasoning skills
The student will define terms associated with ethics o
The student will be able to choose ethical solutions using case studies
Listen & Read thru the next series of slides, there will be a quiz and case studies that follow.
Autonomy is the “personal rule of the self that is free from both controlling interferences by others and from personal limitations that prevent meaningful choice.” Autonomous individuals act intentionally, with understanding, and without controlling influences.
Clinical Applications: Respect for autonomy is one of the fundamental guidelines of clinical ethics. Autonomy in medicine is not simply allowing patients to make their own decisions.
Physicians have an obligation to create the conditions necessary for autonomous choice in others. For a physician, respect for autonomy includes respecting an individual’s right to self-determination as well as creating the conditions necessary for autonomous choice.
Beneficence is action that is done for the benefit of others. Beneficent actions can be taken to help prevent or remove harms or to simply improve the situation of others.
Physicians are expected to refrain from causing harm, but they also have an obligation to help their patients. Ethicists often distinguish between obligatory and ideal beneficence. Ideal beneficence comprises extreme acts of generosity or attempts to benefit others on all possible occasions.
BENEFICENCE VS. NONMALEFICIENCE
Non-maleficence means to “do no harm.” Physicians must refrain from providing ineffective treatments or acting with malice toward patients. This principle, however, offers little