Canadian History Exam Review Essay Example

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History Exam Review

Unit 1

Ultimatum - a demand that one country accept another country’s terms or face war - Austria-Hungary sent Serbia an ultimatum that they did not accept, giving Austria an excuse to enter Serbia - this officially started WWI

Lusitania - a British luxury liner - it was torpedoed by a German U-boat and brought the U.S. into WW1

War Measures Act - an act that took away the civil rights of all Canadians - placed restrictions on “enemy aliens” during WW1 - made membership to the FLQ a criminal offence during the October Crisis

League of Nations - an organization promoting international co-operation - Canada joined this league as an independent nation - President Woodrow Wilson suggested it be set up to settle future disputes

Vimy Ridge - a high point of land in France - the location where a battle took place in April1917 - it was Canada’s third major battle in WW1, and everything was plotted carefully and every soldier knew his job

CANADA’S FOUR MAJOR BATTLES IN WW1
Gas Attack at Ypres
Battle of the Somme
Vimy Ridge
Passchendale - Belgium, October 1917, 16 000 casualties, thousands of soldiers slipped into the mud & drowned

DUTIES OF SOLDIER IN TRENCHES
- replacing barbed wire
- repairing and bailing out flooded trenches
- digging and emptying out latrines (toilets)

MAJOR ALLIANCES OF WWI
Triple Entente (The Allies) - France, Britain, Russia
Triple Alliance (Central Powers) - Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary

CONSCRIPTION
English - part of Britain empire, so they must go to fight - wanted victory for

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