Football Concussion Effects and Prevention
Jessica L. Neuman
Department of Kinesiology
Texas Christian University
Harmon, K. G., Putukian, M., Pana, A., Kutcher, J. S., Herring, S. A., Halstead, M., et al. (2012). American Medical Society for Sports Medicine position statement: concussion in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(1), 15-26. The main goal of this article is to provide knowledge to those who are in position to treat sports concussions, with the appropriate most up to date practices. The article establishes “level of evidence, knowledge gaps and areas requiring additional research.” The article goes into great detail of the most current topics such as risk factors (long/short term), evaluation and management, Neuropsychological testing, education, prevention, legislation and many others. In conclusion this article is very informative if you are looking for a basic understanding of the most up-to-date studies of concussions of sports. Hazrati, L., Tartaglia, M. C., Diamandis, P., Davis, K. D., Green, R. E., Wennberg, R., et al. (2013). Absence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in retired football players with multiple concussions and neurological symptomatology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(222), 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00222. This study set out obtain a better knowledge base for the relationship between Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), and football players with histories of multiple concussions and neurological decline. In order to collect data the study performed six brain autopsy’s on retired players of the Canadian Football League (CFL). These athletes also had multiple concussions and neurological decline. They set out to find a common theme, but instead came to the conclusion that CTE is not specific affiliated athletes with multiple concussions and neurological decline. The evidence, however, did not totally rule out a correlation between the two. The article points out that there needs to be a better sample...
References: Harmon, K. G., Putukian, M., Pana, A., Kutcher, J. S., Herring, S. A., Halstead, M., et al. (2012). American Medical Society for Sports Medicine position statement: concussion in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(1), 15-26.
Post, A., Oeur, A., Hoshizaki, B., & Gilchrist, M. D. (2013). An examination of American football helmets using brain deformation metrics associated with concussion. Materials & Design, 45, 653-662.
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