1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age ranges:
• 0-2 years
• 3-5 years
• 5-8 years
Development refers to the process of learning new skills and abilities, and acquiring emotional maturity. All development changes are the result of both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factors and diet are in the main responsible for growth, whereas environmental factors such as quality of the diet and disease are responsible for the emotional growth.
‘Child development’ is the term given to the growth of babies through childhood. Although all children will go through the same stages of development, they will do so at varying speeds. There are five key stages of development that take place during the first eight years of a child’s life. These are Physical, Intellectual, Language, Emotional and Social.
The progress of a Childs control over his/her own body, including control over muscles, physical co-ordination & the ability to sit or stand.
Up to the age of 3 months a baby will only be able to lie on its back. At around 3 months baby will start lifting their head and kicking their legs vigorously, they will also recognise the face of their main carer as well as bright lights and loud noises. As time passes they will be able to hold objects and transfer them from hand to hand, they will also attempt to put things in their mouth. Mobility usually sets in around 9-12 months. They will be able to sit unaided and will get around by either rolling, crawling, shuffling or possibly walking unaided. They will also have learnt how to throw objects. At 1 year although mobile they will still find balancing difficult but most children of this age will be able to kneel without support and climb stairs with supervision. At 2 years children will be able to walk, run and kick and throw a ball although they may not be confident at catching.
Children by 3 years will be able to walk, run and jump from low heights.