Gerrit Rietveld Academy Basicyear Longlist Exam Questions 2013
1. Why can modern day man, not be granted authority to disclaim cultural expressions that is foreign to that of himself from/as being art?
2. Breton wrote in 1929 'The problem of women is the most marvellous and disturbing problem in the world'. Explain the place of woman in the surrealist movement.
The place of woman in the surrealist movement is divided in two. On one hand the woman are used as muses for artists and is also a subject of desire. On the other hand
3. What were the ideas of Cubism, Futurism and Dada?
An early-20th-century avant-garde art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Cubism began as an idea and then it became a style. Based on Paul Cézanne's three main ingredients: geometrically, simultaneity (multiple views) and passage - Cubism tried to describe, in visual terms, the concept of the Fourth Dimension. Futurism
An artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized and glorified themes associated with contemporary concepts of the future, including speed, technology, youth and violence, and objects such as the car, the airplane and the industrial city Dada
The groundwork to abstract art and sound poetry, a starting point for performance art, a prelude to postmodernism, an influence on pop art, a celebration of anti art to be later embraced for anarchy-political uses in the 1960s and the movement that lay the foundation for Surrealism.
4. How is Dada related to the First World War?
The beginnings of Dada correspond to the outbreak of World War I. For many participants of Dada, the movement was a protest against the bourgeois nationalist and colonialist interests, which many Dadaists believed were the root cause of the war, and against the cultural and intellectual conformity—in art and more broadly in society—that corresponded to the war. So.. Dada was a reaction to the horror of the war and the members was anti-everything that had to do with the war.
5. What is the connection between Dada and Surrealism, what are similarities or differences ‐ are there art pieces or ideas that can be attributed to either one?
The connection is Andre Breton, he broke with DADA in 1924 to create Surrealisme: Surrealisme is more constructive, with a meaningful strategy in order to sabotage modern life: logic is sterile
Both a movement
Both proceed with symboblic meaning of FREUD (psychiatrist) and subconscious: fusion of dream and reality. Both mock bourgeouis values; protest against capitalist society Differences:
Surrealism more constructive and with a strategy; puts women on a…. Artpieces:
6. What is the difference of Post‐modern & Modern art.
Modernism was based on using rational, logical means to gain knowledge while postmodernism denied the application of logical thinking. Rather, the thinking during the postmodern era was based on unscientific, irrational thought process, as a reaction to modernism. Post modernism also gives more reaction to other movements in art , rather than modernism that focusses more on creating something completely new.
7. After the Second World War a lot changed in the arts and the view of art. Explain how it changed and explain what the ideas were behind the new big movement and what was the difference with the movements before the war. Because of the war a lot of artists moved to America , shifting the two big artistical movements to America. The formal istic rational purist abstract trend represented by de stijl and b
auhaus. And the anti rational emotional expressive trend by surrealists such as Ernst, Dali and Andre Breton. Both these movements were embraced by the american artists taking elements (among other of course ) from both movements creating abstract expressionism
8. Illustrate how the African art influenced cubism.
During the early 1900s, the aesthetics of traditional African sculpture...
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