2. Cultivation of Maize - Maize, beans and squash were the "three-sister" farming, with beans growing on the trellis of cornstalks, and squash covering the planting mounds to retain moisture in the soil. Produced high populations, like - Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee.
3. Iroquois - Northeastern woodlands, inspired by Hiawatha created closes approximation of nation-states of Peru, Mexico. Iroquois Confederacy developed the political, organization skills to sustain a robust military alliance to menance its neighbors. For most part Native people were scattered. Also many cultures, including Iroquois = Matrilinear culture.
4. Events that led up to discovery - Marco polo's rich accounts of China, more teasers of Spices and asian goods, better technology (caravel).
5. Africa - Africa was known to the Europeans for ages, but they did not have the proper technology to get there, the portugese set up trade posts for gold and slave. They originally used these slaves to work on sugar plantations on the African Coastal Islands. Portugese's adverntures here were the origins of a plantation economy.
6. Spain - Spain became much more unified after the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, they were eager to outstrip their portuguse rivals in the race to tap wealth of the indies. Portugal controlled African coast, so Spain looked westward.
7. Words Collided (Exchanges) - Essentially after the discovery of the New World, Africa became the laborers, Europe - Markets, and Americas - Resources.
The New world plants - Tobacco, maize, beans tomatoes, POTATO!!! revolutionized European diet. When Columbus came back he brought horses, which natives adopted. Columbus also brought Sugar cane, and with them came