Topics: Ecology, Air pollution, Nuclear power Pages: 5 (806 words) Published: September 5, 2013
A.P.E.S. Topic Outline Study Guide (1st Semester Final)

| | |The portions of the outline that we have covered so far are BOLDED. Remember that we have not covered these topics in order. My | |suggestion for studying for the final would be to take this document, expand and space out the concepts that are bold, and | |insert the main ideas pertaining to each. | |I. Earth Systems and Resources (10–15%) | |A. Earth Science Concepts:  Geologic time scale; plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanism;  seasons; solar intensity and latitude| | | |B. The Atmosphere:  Composition; structure; weather and climate; atmospheric circulation and the Coriolis Effect; | |atmosphere–ocean interactions; ENSO | |C. Global Water Resources and Use:  Freshwater/saltwater; ocean circulation; agricultural, industrial, and domestic use; surface| |and groundwater issues; global problems; conservation | |D. Soil and Soil Dynamics:  Rock cycle; formation; composition; physical and chemical properties; main soil types; erosion and | |other soil problems; soil conservation | |  | |II. The Living World (10–15%) | |A. Ecosystem Structure:  Biological populations and communities; ecological niches; interactions among species; keystone | |species; species diversity and edge effects; major terrestrial and aquatic biomes | |B. Energy Flow: Photosynthesis and cellular respiration; food webs and trophic levels; ecological pyramids | |C. Ecosystem Diversity:  Biodiversity; natural selection; evolution; ecosystem services | |D. Natural Ecosystem Change:  Climate shifts; species movement; ecological succession | |E. Natural Biogeochemical Cycles:  Carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, water, conservation of matter | |  | |III. Population (10–15%) | |A. Population Biology Concepts:  Population ecology; carrying capacity; reproductive strategies; survivorship | |         B. Human Population | |1. Human population dynamics:  Historical population sizes; distribution; fertility rates; growth rates and doubling times; | |demographic transition; age-structure diagrams | |2. Population size:  Strategies for sustainability; case studies; national policies | |3. Impacts of population growth:  Hunger; disease; economic effects; resource use; habitat destruction | |  | |IV....
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